Main Article Content
The study assessed the two days episodic rainstorm event that destroyed buildings and led to loss of life in April and May 2018 in Taraba State, northeast Nigeria. Data were from primary and secondary sources. A total of 60 copies of research questionnaires and interviews were used, complimented by data from the meteorological observatory of the Department of Geography, Taraba State University and expert eye witness accounts. The results of the study show that the 2-day rainstorm extreme event with high wind speed of over 600 knots (327 m/s) caused devastating damages to building infrastructures in the state and the roofs of buildings and damage to Globacom Telecommunication mast was profound and five people lost their lives with several others sustaining diverse injuries in 17 communities in Jalingo and Wukari. It led to about 62% of the affected to take refuge outside their homes for over three days while other spent more than 10 days. The schools were more affected with an estimated cost of ₦30,000,000 to fix the damaged infrastructures, followed by government buildings which needs about 24,000, 000 and residential building with estimated cost of ₦ 6,275,000. The cost for fixing the infrastructures damaged in Wukari in comparison to Jalingo was ₦ 9,000,000 for residential buildings, ₦ 6,000,000 for government buildings and ₦ 9,275,000 for schools respectively. Prices of roofing sheets increased with about $6 during the period. It was suggested that wind breakers should be encouraged and the cutting down of trees should be discouraged while creating awareness and encouraging afforestation.
Kislov AV, Krenke AN. Natural disasters, climate-related hazards, Vol II, Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems.
Odjugo PAO. Powering our future with weather, climate and water. A Paper Presented at the World Meteorological Day, Lagos, 23rd March; 2012.
Dodo MK. Examining the potential impacts of climate change on international security: EU-Africa partnership on climate change. SpringerPlus. 2014;3:1.
Thomas V, Ramon JGA, Perez RT. Climate-related disasters in Asia and the Pacific, ADB Economics Working Paper Series, No. 358. 2013;1-46.
Asian Development Bank. Regional Forum on strengthening the enabling environment for disaster risk financing: Options for enhancing financial Resilience, Manila, Philippines; 2018.
OCHA. Mozambique: Cyclone Idai & Floods Flash Update No. 9, 25 March 2019, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
OCHA. Zimbabwe: Floods Flash Update No. 2, 18 March 2019, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
Ritchie H, Roser M. OFDA/CRED International Disaster Data.
Nkeki FN, Henah PJ, Ojeh VN. Geospatial techniques for the assessment and analysis of flood risk along the Niger Benue Basin in Nigeria. J. Geogr. Inform. Syst. 2013;5:123–135.
MISNA-Missionary International Service News Agency. Floods from North to South, Alarm for Crops; 2012.
Tyopuusu J. How rainstorm killed my three cousins—Taraba woman. Punch Newspaper (Online), Published May 6. 2018;1-3.
Viashima S. Rainstorm in Jalingo causes five death, injures many others. Sunnewsonline, 5th May; 2018.
Shawulu HM, Adebayo AA, Binbol NL. Appraisal of the National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP) in Jalingo Loca Government Area, Taraba State Nigeria. Medwell Journals- The Social Sciences. 2008;3(4):291-296.
Oyatayo KT, Songu GA, Amos GA, Ndabula C. Assessment of heavy metal concentration in hand dug well water from selected land uses in Wukari Town, Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection. 2015;3:1-10.
Areola O, Ahmed K, Irueghe OI, Adeleke BO, Leong GC. Certificate physical and human geography for senior secondary schools. Ibadan: University Press PLC; 2002.
Raheem AU. Multiple vulnerabilities and urban health challenges from extreme weather events in Ilorin, Nigeria. Nigerian Meteorological Society. Proceedings of the National Conference on Climate Change Impact and Adaptation: Is Nigeria Ready? November 1 – 4, Ilorin, Nigeria. 2010;145-149.
Tyopuusu J. Nine corps members drown in Taraba River. Punch Online Newpaper, August 6; 2018.
Ejiofor SC. An assessment of ecological disaster and environmental security in Nigeria: The need for social work intervention. Nigerian Journal of Geography and the Environment. 2011; 2(1 & 2):250-261.