Electric Phenomena as a Possible Driver of Polar Snow-air Interactions: Does this Factor Act Synergistically with Photoinduced Effects?

Main Article Content

E. Yu. Tkachenko

Abstract

Processes that occur inside polar snow cover significantly affect polar atmosphere but they are still poorly understood. Most studies consider photochemistry as the dominant mechanism of chemical transformations but recent field data cannot be interpreted only by such photochemical model. A concept is proposed to consider electric phenomena that are well known to physics but their role was never analyzed by snow chemistry specialists. But there is a question on how to differentiate influences of photo effects and electric phenomena. It can be supposed that these factors are not independent.  On the contrary, they reinforce each other and act synergistically.

Keywords:
Snow, polar, ozone depletion, bromine, wind, triboelectricity, frost flowers

Article Details

How to Cite
Tkachenko, E. Y. (2019). Electric Phenomena as a Possible Driver of Polar Snow-air Interactions: Does this Factor Act Synergistically with Photoinduced Effects?. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 9(9), 518-521. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2019/v9i930136
Section
Opinion Article

References

Simpson WR, Brown SS, Saiz-Lopez A, Thornton JA, von Glasow R. Tropospheric halogen chemistry: Sources, cycling and impacts. Chem. Rev. 2015;115,4035–4062.
DOI: 10.1021/cr5006638.

Giordano MR, Kalnajs LE, Goetz JD, Avery AM, Katz E, May NW, et al. The importance of blowing snow to antarctic aerosols: Number distribution and more than source-dependent composition - Results from the 2ODIAC campaign. Atm Chem Phys. 2018;18(22):16689-16711.
DOI: 10.5194/acp-2018-547

Sjostedt SJ, Huey LG, Tanner DJ, Peischl J, Chen G, Dibb JE, et al. Observations of hydroxyl and the sum of peroxy radicals at summit, Greenland during summer 2003. Atmos Environ. 2007;41(24):5122–5137.
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.06.065

Van Dam B, Helmig D, Toro C, Doskey P, Kramer L, Murray K, et al. Dynamics of ozone and nitrogen oxides at Summit, Greenland: I. Multi-year observations in the snowpack. Atmos Environ. 2015;123:268–284.
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.09.060

Jones AE, Anderson PS, Begoin M, Brough N, Hutterli MA, Marshall GJ, et al. BrO, blizzards and drivers of polar tropospheric ozone depletion events. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2009;9:4639–4652.
DOI: 10.5194/acpd-9-8903-2009

Sanin VM. Newcomer in Antarctica, Moskva: Molodaya gvardiya; 1973. Russian.

Schmidt DS, Schmidt RA, Dent D. Electrostatic force in blowing snow. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 1999;93:29–45.

Gordon M, Biswas S, Taylor PA, Hanesiak J, Albarran-Melzer M, Fargey S. Measurements of drifting and blowing snow at Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada during the STAR project. Atmosphere-Ocean. 2010;48(2):81-100.
DOI: 10.3137/AO1105

Petrenko VF. Electromechanical Phenomena in Ice. Special Report; 1996.
Available:https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/6803/8b9bf48962420443b5d2cf733ddefb8e67fb.pdf

Tkachenko EY, Kozachkov SG. Possible contribution of triboelectricity to snow–air interactions. Environ Chem. 2012;9:109–115.
DOI: 10.1071/EN10074

Style RW, Worster MG. Frost flower formation on sea ice and lake ice. Geophys Res Lett. 2009;36:L11501.
DOI:10.1029/2009GL037304

Gonda T, Takaki R. Experimental studies of dendritic ice crystals growing from the vapor phase. In: Research of Pattern Formation. Tokyo: KTK Scientific Publishers; 1994.

Tkachenko EY. Possible role of electric forces in bromine activation during polar boundary layer ozone depletion and aerosol formation events, Atmos. Res. 2017;196:1–7,
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2017.05.012

Storini M. Geomagnetic storm effects on the earth's ozone layer. Adv Space Res. 2001;27(12):1965–1974, DOI:10.1016/S0273-1177(01)00284-8

Moore CW, Obrist D, Steffen A, Staebler RM, Douglas TA, Richter A, et al. Convective forcing of mercury and ozone in the Arctic boundary layer induced by leads in sea ice. Nature 2014;506:81–84.
DOI:10.1038/nature1292.

Deshpande CG, Kamra AK. The atmospheric electric conductivity and aerosol measurements during fog over the Indian Ocean. Atmos. Res. 2004;70:77–87.

Seminar. IGE, Université Grenoble Alps; 2018.
Available:http://www.ige-grenoble.fr/seminaires/seminaires-2018/article/possible-contribution-of-electric?lang=en

Muchnik VM. The physics of thunderstorm. Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat; 1974. Russian.