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Many recent climate panels and committees have predicted a one and a half (1.5°C) to two degrees (2°C) Celsius as an achievable global limit to climate change . Instead, this review has found that observationally informed projections of climate science underlying climate change offer a different outlook for the most likely outcome for 2100 of five to six-degree (5-6°C) increase as “most accurate” with regard to present trends, climate history and models . The most significant result from the review is a quantitative, linear global temperature link to carbon dioxide levels, which has a short temporal feedback loop. The Vostok ice core temperature and CO2 values for the past 420,000 years, with sea level estimates have produced “Hansen’s Graph” . Analysis results in an equation for global average temperature change and an indebted sea level rise, from any CO2 change. The best-performing climate change models and observational analysis project more warming than the average model often relied upon . World atmosphere, temperature, and sea level trends for 2100 and beyond are examined. A CO2 experimental analysis proves its dramatic heat-entrapment versus air which relates to the global atmospheric system. Policy-relevant climate adaptation, including carbon capture, positive individual action, zero and negative emissions are reviewed, including Hansen (1988) projected temperature increase for 2019.
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