Changes in Morpho-physiological and Yield Parameters of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Response to Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) Radiation

Main Article Content

Y. S. Wagh
K. Nandini

Abstract

A rice variety Jyothi (PTB 39) is a red kernelled with bold grain, popular in the region of Kerala, India used in the study. Plants were grown in pots under three different conditions, natural solar UV-B conditions, UV-B excluded condition using UV-B filters and supplemental UV-B using UV-B lamps along with ambient solar radiation. During the study period, UV-B radiation was in the range of 1.30 to 3.58 Wm2 which affected the productivity of the crop under open solar condition. A decrease in morphological traits like plant height, number of tillers, flag leaf angle and increase in leaf thickness were observed. Physiological parameters, leaf gas exchange parameters and biochemical constituents such as chlorophyll content also recorded less value under high UV-B condition along with the high content of protective compounds such as flavonoid content, catalase and PAL activity. The phenophases of the crop were also delayed by 4-5 days under UV-B radiation exposed conditions. All these negative impacts of UV-B radiation on crop leads to restricted filling of grain, lesser harvest index and grain development leading to a decrease in yield and yield attributing characters.

Keywords:
UV-B radiation, rice, morphology, phenology, photosynthesis, Canopy Temperature Depression (CTD), flavonoid, yield

Article Details

How to Cite
Wagh, Y. S., & Nandini, K. (2019). Changes in Morpho-physiological and Yield Parameters of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Response to Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) Radiation. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 9(12), 862-877. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2019/v9i1230167
Section
Original Research Article

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