A Review of Climate-smart Agriculture is a New Approach to Farming System
Issue: 2022 - Volume 12 [Issue 11]
Sumana Balo *
Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari, Cooch Behar, West Bengal - 736165, India.
Uttar Dinajpur Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Chopra, Uttar Dinajpur, West Bengal - 733207, India.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
“Climate Smart Agriculture” (CSA) was born out of the converging needs of food security, human population, biofuel and adaptation, climate change mitigation, agricultural resources, and oil prices, and food pricing. This study analyses the ideas and concepts that drive community-based agriculture using the World Bank's framework. It claims that, even though the CSA promotes better multidisciplinary approach to agriculture, it operates inside a politically neutral structure that is just focused on increasing output. Depoliticization of the global food system legitimizes present policy aims and reduces power, inequality and access difficulties. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) and Sustainable Intensification (SI) are mutually beneficial. SI aids in adjusting to climate change while simultaneously decreasing emissions per unit of production. CSA includes the advantages of “climate-smart food system”, “climate-proof farms”, and “climate- smart soils.
Keywords: Agriculture, CSA, food security, sustainability, climate resilience