Effect of Mulched and without Mulched Intercrops on Growth Yield and Fruit Quality of Kinnow Mandarin Plantation under Semi-Arid Irrigated Conditions

Dinesh Kumar *

Department of Horticulture, Maharana Pratap Horticultural University, Karnal,132001, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana, India.

Surender Singh

Department of Horticulture, Maharana Pratap Horticultural University, Karnal,132001, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana, India.

Indu Arora

Department of Vegetable Science, Maharana Pratap Horticultural University, Karnal,132001, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana, India.

Jeet Ram Sharma

Department of Horticulture, Maharana Pratap Horticultural University, Karnal,132001, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana, India.

Rao Pankaj

Department of Genetics and Plant Breedin, Maharana Pratap Horticultural University, Karnal,132001, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The aim of the present was to analyze the effect of different intercrops with and without mulch on growth, yield and quality of kinnow mandarin orchard. The data of kinnow plant such as height, stem girth, canopy spread, and canopy volume were collected in the month of February 2020 before transplanting the intercrops. The intercrops under mulch and without mulch treatments have significant effect on growth of kinnow plant, the percent increase in plant height (3.22%) in kinnow + watermelon, stem girth (4.20%) in kinnow + tomato, and canopy spread EW direction (3.89%) in kinnow + cantaloupe, were found to have positive effect in mulch intercrops treatments and percent increase in canopy spread NS direction (3.76%) and canopy volume (10.84%) in kinnow + watermelon, was found in without mulch intercrops treatments. The number of fruits per tree, average fruit weight and yield were significantly affected by mulch and without mulch treatments, with maximum number of fruits (920), fruit weight (161.11 g), and yield (361.34 q/ha) were recorded in kinnow + watermelon. TSS (11.56%), acidity (0.91%), ascorbic acid (30.15 mg/100ml juice) were recorded in without mulch intercrops treatments, and juice (42.96%), peel (27.84%) were recorded in mulch intercrops treatments.

Keywords: Kinnow mandarin, mulch, without mulch, intercrops, treatments


How to Cite

Kumar, Dinesh, Surender Singh, Indu Arora, Jeet Ram Sharma, and Rao Pankaj. 2022. “Effect of Mulched and Without Mulched Intercrops on Growth Yield and Fruit Quality of Kinnow Mandarin Plantation under Semi-Arid Irrigated Conditions”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 12 (11):1394-1400. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i1131118.

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