Assessment of Genetic Variability in Cytoplasmic Male Sterility based Wheat Hybrid

Prabha Banjarey *

Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, JNKVV, Jabalpur, India.

R. S. Shukla

Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, JNKVV, Jabalpur, India.

Archana Rani

Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, JNKVV, Jabalpur, India.

Sarla Kumawat

Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, JNKVV, Jabalpur, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Present study was carried out to evaluate genetic variability and inheritance of yield contributing traits using fifteen cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) based F1 hybrid of wheat involving fifteen CMS based lines and one restorer line received from IIWBR, Karnal and Division of Genetics, IARI under CRP on hybrid wheat programme along with five wheat checks. Experiment was conducted during Rabi 2019-20 in randomized block design with two replications in three different sowing dates at Seed Breeding Farm, JNKVV, Jabalpur.  Analysis of variance revealed that, significant differences among the crosses for all the traits indicated that the presence of sufficient amount of genetic variability. High GCV% and PCV % accounted for the traits number of effective tillers/plant and number of spikes/plant, thousand grain weights, spike weight and grain yield/plant in EI, EII, EIII and pooled environment. Genetic advance as percentage of mean estimate was highest for biological yield/plant (33.99%) and mean noted respectively number of effective tillers/plant, thousand grain weight, number of spikes/plant and grain yield/plant in different environment conditions. Hence, selection of these traits would be effective for further crop improvement programme. On the basis of mean and range, maximum mean value noted in respective CMS based hybrids viz., grain yield/plant (CMS96A*Res-37), thousand grain weights and grains/ear (CMS86A*Res-37), harvest index (CMS85A*Res-37), number of effective tillers/plant (CMS95A*Res-37). These crosses contributed directly for yield improvement and to meet the demand of increasing population to make India self sufficient in food security.

Keywords: Wheat, cytoplasmic male sterility lines, genetic variability, restorer line


How to Cite

Banjarey, P., Shukla, R. S., Rani, A., & Kumawat, S. (2022). Assessment of Genetic Variability in Cytoplasmic Male Sterility based Wheat Hybrid. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 12(12), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i121433

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonymous. Project director report. Karnal: DWR; 2021;1.

Murad J, Ahmed R, Azam M, Saeed M, Dost K, Ahmed B et al. Phenotypic association and heritability analysis in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes. Int J Biol Sci. 2019;14(6):71-7.

Biru T, Negash H. Genotypic variation, inheritance and genetic advance in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes in ethiopia. Applied Biological Research. 2021;23(1):87-94.

Choudhary L, Goyal VK, Pandey S, Moitra PK, Shukla RS. Assessment of genetic variability in advance breeding lines of wheat. The Pharm Innov J. 2020;9(5): 239-44.

Prasad J, Dasora A, Chauhan D, Rizzardi DA, Bangarwa SK, Nesara K. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes. 2021.

Chaudhary H, Jaiswal JP, Kumar A, Joshi S. Determination of genetic variability and diversity in bread wheat for yield and Yield contributing traits. Int J Plant Soil Sci. 2022;34(19):16-23.

Sharma R, Rana V, Verma S, Gupta C, Priyanka RA, Aparajita D et al. Genetic Variability Studies in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Multi-Environment Trials in Northern Hills Zone. Biological Forum – An International Journal. 2022;14(2):307-13.

Mundiyara R, Kerkhi SA, Jakhar ML, Mishra S. Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). J Plant Sci Research. 2014;30(1):39-47.

Tiwari A, Mishra DK, Shukla RS, Choudhary P. Genetic variability, correlation coefficient and path analysis of some quantitative traits in bread wheat. Green Farming. 2016;6: 1296-300.

Rajput RS. Path analysis and genetic parameters for grain yield in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Annu Res Rev Biol. 2019;31(3):1-8.

Mishra DK, Shukla RS. Genetic study of root, quality and yieldcharacteristics for drought tolerance in advance generation of bread wheat. Annal agricultural research new series. 2013;34(1):72-6.

Kumar S, Singh SK, Singh L, Gupta SK, wanath V, Yadav P et al. Heterosis and inbreeding depression for grain yield and related morphophysiological characters in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Int J Curr Microbiol App Sci. 2017;6(10):1352-64.

Sohail A, Rahman H, Ullah F, Shah SMA, Burni T, Ali S. Evaluation of F4 bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes for genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance and correlation studies. J Plant Breed Genet. 2018;6(1):01-7.

Bhanu AN, Arun B, Mishra VK. Genetic variability, heritability and correlation study of physiological and yield traits in relation to heat tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Biomed J Sci Tech Res. 2018;2. ISSN: 2574-1241.

Arya VK, Singh J, Kumar L, Kumar R, Kumar P, Chand P. Genetic variability and diversity analysis for yield and its components in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Indian J Agric Res. 2017;51(OF): 128-34.

Naresh V, Yamini KN, Rajendrakumar P, Dinesh Kumar V. EST-SSR marker-based assay for the genetic purity assessment of safflower hybrids. Euphytica. 2009;170(3): 347-53.

Sabit Z, Yadav B, Rai PK. Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis for yield and its components in f5 generation of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). J Pharmacogn Phytochem. 2017;6(4): 680687.

Shukla RS, Moitra PK. Genetic analysis of CIMMYT based bread wheat genotypes for yield and its contributing traits. JNKVV Res J. 2013;47(3):255-9.

Singh M, Mishra DK, Shukla RS, Samaiya RK. Variation and heritability for some quality characteristics and grain yield in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Trends Biosci. 2015;8(1):68-70.