Effect of Date of Sowing on Yield Attribute, Yield and Profitability of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties in Central Plain Zone of Uttar Pradesh, India

Pooja Kumari *

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, (U.P.)-208002, India.

Sanjeev Kumar

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, (U.P.)-208002, India.

Sunil Kumar Prajapati

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, (U.P.)-208002, India.

Shivendra Singh

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, (U.P.)-208002, India.

Shivam Verma

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, (U.P.)-208002, India.

Bimlesh Kumar Prajapati

Department of Soil Conservation & Water Management, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, (U.P.)-208002, India.

Shikhar Verma

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, (U.P.)-208002, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

To investigate the Effect of Date of Sowing and Wheat varieties on Yield Attributes, Yield and the profitability of wheat. A field experiment was conducted at the Students’ Instructional Farm of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Utter Pradesh (UP) during Rabi 2021-22 growing seasons. A split plot design with four replications was used in this study. The experimental treatments were date of sowing as main factor (D1-15th November, D2-30th November, D3-10th December) and wheat varieties as sub-factor (V1-DBW-187, V2-K-1006, V3-HD-2967). The result of this study showed the interaction effect of Date of Sowing and Varieties of wheat were non-significant. In the different date of sowing, the 15th November sown crop resulted in significantly higher spike length (10.67 cm), spike weight (3.147g), number of grains spike-1 (53.55), 1000- grain weight (42.06 g), grain yield (52.81 q ha-1), gross income (INR ha-1 118837.667), net income (INR ha-1 49087.66) as well as B:C ratio (1.7), of wheat as compared to 30th November, 10th December.. Among wheat varieties, HD-2967 resulted the highest values of Yield Attributes viz. spike length (10.44 cm), number of grains spike-1 (52.41), 1000- grain weight (40.85 g), Yield viz. grain yield (51.38 q ha-1) and Profitability viz. gross income (INR ha-1 115612.66), net income (INR ha-1 45862.66) as well as B:C ratio (1.65). The greatest grain yield was obtained with HD-2967 variety sowed on 15th November. Thus, it is possible to maximize the Yield attributes, Yield and the Profitability of wheat by sowing HD-2967 variety on 15th November.

Keywords: Wheat, varieties, date of sowing, yield, profitability


How to Cite

Kumari, P., Kumar, S., Prajapati, S. K., Singh, S., Verma, S., Prajapati, B. K., & Verma, S. (2022). Effect of Date of Sowing on Yield Attribute, Yield and Profitability of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties in Central Plain Zone of Uttar Pradesh, India. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 12(12), 1416–1424. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i121582

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