Multi-temporal SPI and RDI Based on the Modified Meteorological Draught and Hydrological Drought of Marathwada Region of Maharashtra, India

Avanish Yadav *

Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, SHUATS, Prayagraj-211007, India.

Ashish Krishna Yadav

Department of Soil and Water Conservatuion Engineering, GBPUA & T, Pantnagar, India.

Pramod Kumar Singh

Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand–263145 , India.

Devendra Kumar

Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand-263145, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The meteorological and hydrological drought indices are mostly applying as a tool for observing changes in drought situations. In the present research work, evaluated the performance of two modified meteorological drought indices i.e. modified standardized precipitation index (SPIe) and modified recoinnaissance drought index (RDIe) and hydrological drought indices i.e stream-flow drought index (SDI). The effective precipitation was used instead of precipitation for modification of meteorological drought indices. The  assessment of drought trends at multi-temporal such as 1, 3, 6 and 12 months was done by using popular Mann-Kendall test and the probability and return period   of occurrence of severe and extreme drought condition of the meteorological and hydrological drought events. Finally results were non-significant trend (either positive or negative) at 95% confidence limit and the 43 years reoccurrence interval of extreme meteorological drought for Latur and Parabhani districts, the 10.75, 21.5 and 14.33 years return period of severe meteorological drought for Latur, Nanded and Parabhani districts. Also, the 18, 18 and 43 years reoccurrence interval of severe hydrological drought for Latur, Nanded and Parabhani districts was calculated.

Keywords: SPIe, RDIe, SDI, mann-kendall test, probability, return period


How to Cite

Yadav, Avanish, Ashish Krishna Yadav, Pramod Kumar Singh, and Devendra Kumar. 2022. “Multi-Temporal SPI and RDI Based on the Modified Meteorological Draught and Hydrological Drought of Marathwada Region of Maharashtra, India”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 12 (12):1524-36. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2022/v12i121596.

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