Agroclimatic Risks and Endogenous Knowledge of Farmers in the Guidimouni Basin (South-Central Zinder, Niger)
Issue: 2023 - Volume 13 [Issue 6]
Amadou Abdou Bagna *
Département de Géographie, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Université Abdou Moumouni, BP-10963, Niamey, Niger.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture is one of the most vulnerable sectors to the effects of climate change. The objective of this study is to analyze the impacts of rainfall variability on agricultural activities in the Guidimouni basin. The methodology used is based on the processing and analysis of daily rainfall data (Mirriah and Gouré stations from 1961 to 2019). It is complemented by a survey on perceptions of agroclimatic risks, impacts and strategies among a sample of 150 farmers in four villages. The results show that farmers have a good understanding of climate risks (80%) and are developing resilience strategies. These range from the intensification of irrigated crops (40%) to the use of natron (58%). In addition to these responses, the processing of products, particularly cassava (86%), and seasonal migration to Nigeria (28%) were also considered.
Keywords: Cuvette, risks, impacts, producers, adaptation
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