The Parasitic Potential of Bracon brevicornis Wesmael and Chelonus blackburni (Cameron) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on the Age of Earias vittella (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Nolidae) and Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Laboratory Conditions

Aravinda Hubballi *

Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Science, GKVK, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

A. N. Shylesha

ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Bellary Road, H.A. Farm Post, Hebbal, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560024, India.

T. M. Shivalingaswamy

ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Bellary Road, H.A. Farm Post, Hebbal, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560024, India.

B. Shivanna

Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Science, GKVK, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aims: The current study was carried out to investigate the parasitic potential of density of two important parasitoids against the age of two important bhendi fruit borer pests.

Study Design:  Completely Random Design (CRD).

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted during 2019-20 and 2020-21 at bio control laboratory of National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources (ICAR) Hebbal, Bengaluru (Latitude: 13.097221 Longitude: 77.568291) by adopting standard methodology and materials.

Methodology: An experiment was designed to examine the effects of parasitoid densities of  Bracon brevicornis and Chelonus blackburni on the  host age (different  instars) larvae of fruit borers two important fruit borers by checking the the percent parasitization. The second, third, and fourth instar larvae of E. vittella were introduced separately at different ratios of  Bracon brevicornis parasitoids and host viz., 1:10, 2:10, 3:10, 4:10, and 5:10. Mated female parasitoids were utilised in all cases, and the experiment was carried out in a glass jar of 18 x 12 cm, using the sandwich approach. [1] with four replications. After 24 h, the larvae were observedand the percent parasitization was calculated. The same parasitoids were used for thesecond, third, fourth, and fifth instars larvae of H. armigera.

To examine the parasitic potential of C. blackburni, another experiment was conducted with various ratios of its adults and eggs of   E. vittella and H. armigera by adopting the procedure of Swamiappan and Balasubramanian [2].  The parasitoid and host eggs were maintained at a ratio of 1:100, 2:100, 3:100, 4:100, and 5:100 with four replications. The observation of percent parasitization was recorded after the egg incubation period.

Results: The parasitic potential studies showed that the parasitoid host ratio of 5:10 (100%) was the best for E. vittella (II, III and IV instar larvae) with the highest parasitization followed by 4:10 (96.83 %), 3:10 (85.08 %), 2:10 (61.71 %) and least parasitization was observed in 1:10 parasitoid host ratio (52.71 %). Similarly, for H. armigera (II, III, IV and V instar larvae) parasitoid host ratio of 5:10 was recorded the highest parasitization (96.75 %), followed by 4:10 (93.69 %), 3:10 (84.11 %), 2:10 (64.75 %) and least parasitization was observed in 1:10 parasitoid host ratio (45.07 %)

The parasitic potential of C. blackburni revealed that the 5:100 parasitoid host ratio resulted in the maximum parasitization of 64.75% against E. vittella, followed by 4:100 (60.50%), 3:100 (52.55%), 2:100 (38.27%), and 1:100 (25.60%). Similarly, for H. armigera, parasitization was highest at a parasitoid host ratio of 5:100, followed by 4:100 (64.50%), 3:100 (58.25%), 2:100 (43.45%), and 1:100 (28.50%).

Conclusion: The parasitoids: host ratio of 5:10 for B. brevicornis and 5:100 for C. blackburni is optimal for managing the bhendi fruit borer complex at the IV instar level.

Keywords: Bhendi, fruit borer, bio control, natural enemies, parasitic potential


How to Cite

Hubballi, Aravinda, A. N. Shylesha, T. M. Shivalingaswamy, and B. Shivanna. 2023. “The Parasitic Potential of Bracon Brevicornis Wesmael and Chelonus Blackburni (Cameron) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on the Age of Earias Vittella (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Nolidae) and Helicoverpa Armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Laboratory Conditions”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (6):297-303. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i61827.

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