Study of Four Cucumber Germplasm Genotypes, Grown in Qatar and the Indian Agro-climatic Zone, Based on Its Phenotypic Traits

Muvin Khan

School of Biological Engineering & Life Sciences, Shobhit Institute of Engineering & Technology, NAAC Accredited Grade "A", Deemed to- be-University, Meerut-250110, India.

Amar Prakash Garg *

School of Biological Engineering & Life Sciences, Shobhit Institute of Engineering & Technology, NAAC Accredited Grade "A", Deemed to- be-University, Meerut-250110, India.

Sourabh Jain

Faculty of Science, S.D. College of Commerce, Muzaffarnagar -251001, India.

. Tanushiri

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, C.C.S. University Campus, Meerut-250004, U.P., India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


This study included four genotypes of cucumber (IC257296, IC420405, GYNE-5, PUSA SANYOG) which were evaluated based on phenotypic traits when grown under two different soil zones of Doha (Qatar) and Meerut (India). Statistical analysis to estimate various genetic parameters like phenotypic and genotypic variance, phenotypic and genotypic coefficient of variation (PCV and GCV), broad sense heritability and genetic gain and principal component analysis (PCA) of genotypes was done in order to assess the magnitude of variability for various agro-metrical characters. In Indian soil zone, highest yield was observed in GYNE-5, while, in Qatar soil zone, highest yield was observed in PUSA SANYOG. The phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) was higher than its corresponding genotypic counterpart (GCV) for all characters studied. High broad-sense heritability was associated with all the traits in both zones except fruit length. Days to edible maturity, fruit length and fruit width showed low genetic gain in qatar zone; hence, heterosis breeding would be recommended. Principal  component analysis involved vine length and days to edible maturity as the most discriminating trait that accounted for greater variability in cucumber in qatar zone, and it should be considered in cucumber improvement programs. Correlation analysis represent that yield was positively correlated with fruit length and fruit width, while, fruit per plant showed positive significant correlation with vine length. Present findings suggest that PUSA SANYOG may be cultivated in other areas with similar climatic conditions. This study will help to improve the protected agriculture model of Qatar and revenue generation for the farmers.

Keywords: Cucumber, phenotypic, traits, genotype and yield, qatar soil, Indian soil

How to Cite

Khan, M., Garg, A. P., Jain, S., & Tanushiri, . (2023). Study of Four Cucumber Germplasm Genotypes, Grown in Qatar and the Indian Agro-climatic Zone, Based on Its Phenotypic Traits. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(8), 24–36.


Download data is not yet available.


Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Cucumis sativus L. In. Species Plant. 1753:1012.

FAO. Cucumber Production in India; 2006.


Nandkarni KM. Indian materia medica. Bombay: Nandkarni and Co.; 1927.

Pandey MK, Namdev SK, Srivastava AK. Energetiv evaluation and comparison of cucumber production in different cultivation condition for adaptability and suitability in Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh. Pantnagar J Res. 2020;18(1):84-9.

Gopalan C, Rama Sastri BV, Balasubramanian SC. Nutritive value of Indian foods. Pub: national institute of nutrition. Indian Council of Medical Research; 1971.

Wang YH, Joobeur T, Dean RA, Staub JE. Genome mapping and molecular breeding in cucurbits. Plant Breed Rev. 2000;27: 213-24.

Dawar. Cropped areas and production [bulletin]. Doha: General Department for Agricultural Research and Development, Department for Agriculture & Water Research, Agricultural Economic & Statistic Section; 2007.

Moustafa AT. Potential of protected agriculture and hydroponics for improving the productivity and quality of high value cash crops in Qatar. The Agric Sect Qatar Chall Oppor. 2010:427-51.

Miano NM, Memon GH, Ghilzai AN, Khushik AM. Varietal trial on Cucumber (Cucumis sativusL.) Sindh. J Res. 1991;8:30.

Al-Rawahi M, Al-Said FA, Khan IA, Al-Khanjary S. Diversity of cucumber accessions in Oman. Int J Agric Biol. 2011;13(4).

Sharma AK, Pathania NK. Studies on combining ability for earliness and marketable fruit yield in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Himachal J Agric Res. 2000;26(1/2):54-61.

Sharma JR. Statistical and biometrical techniques in plant breeding. New Delhi, India: New Age International Limited Publishers.1988;432.

Johnson HW, Robinson HF, Comstock RE. Estimation of genetic and environmental variability in soybean. Agron J. 1955;47(7): 314-8.

Staub JE, Chung S-M, Fazio G. Conformity and genetic relatedness estimation in crop species having a narrow genetic base: The case of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Plant Breed. 2005;124(1):44-53.

Panse VG, Sukhatme PV. Statistical methods for agricultural workers. 2nd ed. New Delhi: ICAR publication. 1967;381.

Burton GW. Qualitative inheritance in grasses. In: Proceedings of the 6th international grassland congress, Pennsylvania State College. Aug 17-23. College, PA State, PA, USA. 1952;1:277-83.

Searle. Genotypic and environmental variance and covariance in an upland cotton crops of interspecific origin. Agron J. 1961;50:633-6.

Campbell SL, Chancelier JP, Nikoukhah R, Campbell SL, Chancelier JP, Nikoukhah R. Modeling and simulation in SCILAB. New York: Springer. 2010;73-106.

Ahmed M, Hamid A, Akbar Z. Growth and yield performance of six cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) cultivars under agro-climatic conditions of Rawalakot, Azad Jammu and Kashmir [Pakistan]. Int J Agric Biol (Pakistan); 2004.

Hamid A, Baloch JUD, Khan NU. Performance of six cucumber genotypes in swat Pakistan. Int J Agric Biol. 2002;4: 91-2.

Resende GMD. Yield of pickling cucumber in the north region of Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Hortic Bras. 1999;17(1):57-60.

Prasad VSR, Singh DP. Standardized potence and combining ability in slicing cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Indian J Hortic. 1994;51(1):77-84.

Hormuzdi SG, More TA. Studies on combining ability in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Indian J Genet Plant Breed. 1989;49(02):161-5.

Saha RR, Mitra BN, Hossain AE, Jamaluddin M, Hoque AM. Genetic variability, character association and path coefficient analysis in pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata L.). Bangladesh Hortic. 1992;20 (1):59-62.

Afangideh U, U, Uyoh EA, Ittah M, Uko AE. Morphological characterization of some cultivars of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). J Sustain Trop Agric Res. 2005;14:13.

Kehinde IA. Identification and control of field and storage fungal pathogens of egusi melon. (Citrullus lanatus [Thumb]) Mansf in South Western Nigeria [Ph. D Thesis]. Abeokuta, Nigeria: Federal University of Agriculture. 2008;211.

Olaniyi OO, Ogidi GO, Mbah EU, Nya EJ. Variance in yield and agronomic performance of egusi-melon (Citrullus lanatus [Thumb]) genotypes. Int J Curr Res. 2011;3(11):49-52.

Aruah BC, Uguru MI, Oyiga BC. Genetic variability and interrelationship among some Nigerian pumpkin accessions (Cucurbita spp.). Int J Plant Breed. 2012;6(1):34-41.

Ndukauba J, Nwofia GE, Okocha PI, Ene-Obong EE. Variability in egusi-Melon Genotypes (Citrullus lanatus [Thumb] Matsum. and Nakai) in derived Savannah environment in South-Eastern Nigeria. Int J Plant Res. 2015;5(1):19-26.

Yadav YC, Kumar BBS, Dixit SK. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for some traits in Cucumber. Indian J Agric Res. 2009;8:51-7.

Khan ASMMR, Kabir MY, Alam MM. Variability, correlation, path analysis of yield and yield components of pointed gourd. J Agric Rural Dev. 2009;7(1-2): 93-8.

Burton WG, deVane EW. Estimating heritability in tall fescue (Festuca arundinace) from replicated clonal material. Proejtunniens. 1953;9(22): 12-5.

Abdi H, Williams LJ. Principal component analysis. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Comp Stat. 2010;2(4):433-59.

Eifediyi EK, Remison SU, Okaka VB. Relationship between morphological characters, dry matter yield and fruit yield of cucumber. Afr J Plant Sci. 2011; 5(11):656-62.

Ballesta-Jimenez R, Garcia-Navarro FJ, Garcia-Gimenez R et al. Agroecological analysis of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) crops in orchards in a Mediterranean environment. J Agric Crops. 2018;4(3): 16-28.

Lawal AB. Response of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) to intercropping with maize (Zea mays L.) and varying rates of farmyard manures and inorganic fertilizer ([doctoral dissertation]. Ahmadu Bello University); 2000 .

Sallam BN, Lu T, Yu H, Li Q, Sarfraz Z, Iqbal MS et al. Productivity enhancement of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) through optimized use of poultry manure and mineral fertilizers under greenhouse cultivation. Horticulturae. 2021;7(8): 256-69.

Lalnunkimi H, Epson S, Kerketta A. Evaluation of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) genetypes under Prayagraj agro-climatic conditions. The pharma innovation Journal. 2022;11(1):90-3.

Prathyusha NB, Singh D. Varietal evaluation studies in Cucumber under Prayagraj Agro-climatic conditions (Cucumis sativus L.). Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci. 2020;9(11):454-62.

Shaju AA, Fatmi Urfi, Singh D. Evaluation of different cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) hybrids for their growth and yield under Prayagraj agro-climatic conditions. Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci. 2020;9(12):1194-201. doi: 10.20546/ijcmas.2020.912.146.

Abu Salena S, Dutta OP. Interrelationship of yield components in cucumber. Veg Sci. 1988;15(1):75-85.

Afangideh U, Uyoh EA. Genetic variability and correlation studies in some varieties of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) Jordan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3. 2007;4:376-84.

Griere MA. Modern herb, Tigers books international London. 1st Ed. 1992;1: 239.

James AD. The Green pharmacy. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press. 1997;394.

Lopes LB, Speretta FF, Bentley MV. Enhancement of skin penetration of vitamin K using monoolein-based liquid crystalline systems. Eur J Pharm Sci. 2007;32(3):209-15.

Hooda R. Antiwrinkle herbal drugs. J Pharmacogn Phytochem. 2015;4(4):277.