Studies on the Effect of Different Packaging and Coating Treatment on Shelf Life of Papaya (Carica papaya L.)

Kali Charan

Department of Horticulture, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, U.P.-211008, India.

Saket Mishra *

Department of Horticulture, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, U.P.-211008, India.

Shashi Kant Ekka

Department of Horticulture, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, U.P.-211008, India.

Sunil Manikpuri

Department of Horticulture, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, U.P.-211008, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

During the academic years, 2023-2024, a study was carried out at the Post Harvest Laboratory, Department of Horticulture, NAI, SHUATS, Prayagraj (U.P.). The experiment used a Completely Randomized Design with 9 treatments and three replications of different materials such as Honey, Paraffin wax, LDPE Polythene Wrap and KMnO4. The main objective of the experiment was to evaluate the influence of different coating materials on its physical, quality & organoleptic attributes on its shelf-life. According to the results of the current study, Treatment T8 [KMnO4 (0.1%) + LDPE Polythene Wrap] had the best effects on physical attributes like [0.45 (3 days), 1.25 (6 days), 8.86 (9 days) and 12.12 (12 days)] % physiological weight loss %, [6.45 (3 days), 4.98 (6 days), 3.39 (9 days) and 2.41 (12 days)] kg/cm2 fruit firmness with peel, [5.84 (3 days), 3.8 (6 days), 2.73 (9 days) and 1.5 (12 days)] kg/cm2 fruit firmness without peel, [0.00 (3 days), 0.00 (6 days), 4.94 (9 days) and 23.46 (12 days)] % spoilage and 12.1 days shelf life. It also had significant effects on quality attributes like [7.45 (3 days), 9.12 (6 days), 11.15 (9 days) and 12 (12 days)] ºBrix TSS, [2.25 (3 days), 3.12 (6 days), 4.44 (9 days) and 5.34 (12 days)] pH, [4.46 (3 days), 3.56 (6 days), 2.27 (9 days) and 1.17 (12 days)] % acidity, [4.35 (3 days), 5.85 (6 days), 7.45 (9 days) and 8.27 (12 days)] % Reducing Sugar %, [0.50 (3 days), 1.22 (6 days), 2.12 (9 days) and 2.45 (12 days)] % non-Reducing Sugar %, [4.88 (3 days), 7.13 (6 days), 9.68 (9 days) and 10.85 (12 days)] % Total Sugar %, [34.26 (3 days), 48.12 (6 days), 58.22 (9 days) and 67.41 (12 days)] mg/100g ascorbic acid. Organoleptic attributes like [8.63 (3 days), 9.00 (6 days), 8.66 (9 days) and 7.29 (12 days)] colour and appearance, [9.00 (3 days), 8.85 (6 days), 8.00 (9 days) and 7.25 (12 days)] taste and flavour, [9.00 (3 days), 8.70 (6 days), 8.16 (9 days) and 7.75 (12 days)] aroma and [9.00 (3 days), 9.00 (6 days), 8.67 (9 days) and 7.57 (12 days)] texture were also found best under Treatment T8 [KMnO4 (0.1%) + LDPE Polythene Wrap].

Keywords: Carica papaya L., honey, KMnO4, LDPE polythene wrap, organoleptic, papaya, paraffin wax, physical, quality


How to Cite

Charan, K., Mishra , S., Ekka , S. K., & Manikpuri , S. (2023). Studies on the Effect of Different Packaging and Coating Treatment on Shelf Life of Papaya (Carica papaya L.). International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(8), 370–383. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i81963

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Rai RK, Triphathi AK, Singh AK. Study of production and marketing of papaya in Varanasi district of Uttar Pradesh. IRJAES. 2019;10(1):155-60.

FAOSTAT. Crop Production; 2012.Available:http://faostat.fao.org/site/567/default.aspx#ancor

ANONYMOUS. All India coordinated research project on postharvest technology. 2007;1-5.

Corrêa PC, Finger FL, Ribeiro DM, Marques LCS. Influence of ethylene absorber on Shelf Life of Papaya. Acta Hortic. 2010;(864):357-60.

Gajanana TM, Sudha M, Saxena AK, Dakshinamoorthy VM. Postharvest handling, marketing and assessment of losses in papaya. Acta Hortic. 2010; (851):519-26.

Ahmed M, Khalid ZM, Farooqi WA. Effect of waxing and lining materials on storage life of some citrus fruits. Proc Fla State Hortic Soc. 1997;92: 237-40.

Olivas GI, Barbosa-Cánovas GV. Edible coatings for fresh-cut fruits. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2005;45(7-8):657-70.

Wen B, Wu X, Boon-Ek Y, Xu L, Pan H, Xu P et al. Effect of honey and calcium dips on quality of fresh-cut nectarine (Prunus persica L. Batsch). Agric Nat Resour. 2018;52(2):140-5.

Panse VG, Sukhatme PV. Statistical methods for agricultural workers. New Delhi: Indian Council of Agricultural Research; 1985.

Elzubeir MM, Abu-bakr A, Osman OA, Safi AIA. Effect of waxing and potassium permanganate on quality and shelf-life of mango fruits. Am J Biol Life Sci. 2018;6(1):1-7.

Sharma S, Sharma RR, Pal RK, Jhalegar MJ, Singh J, Srivastav M et al. Ethylene absorbents influence fruit firmness and activity of enzymes involved in fruit softening of Japanese plum (Prunus salicina L.) cv. Santa Rosa. Fruits. 2012; 67(4):257-66.

Pratiwi HE. Application of potassium permanganate as ethylene oxidant in storage of IPB Callina papaya fruit [Thesis] submitted to Department Agronomy and Horticulture. Bogor. 2014;1-14.

Henriod R, Stice K, Dicbalis Y, Sole D, Tora K, Campell T. Storage and modified atmosphere packaging effects on shelf-life qualities of papaya ”Fiji red” fruit. Department of Agric, Fisheries and Forestry. 2012;2-24.

Reboucas JL, Machado FLC, Afonso MRM, Costa JMC. Postharvest conservation of papaya ”formosa tainung 01” conditioned under different packaging systems. Int J Sci. 2013;2:57-65.

Salunkhe D, K, Bolin H. R. and Reddy, N.R. Plant physiology, storage, processing and nutritional quality of fruits and vegetables. 2nd ed. FL: CRS publishers. 2000;47-56.

Ezz TM, Awad RM. Effect of some postharvest treatments under different low temperature on two mango cultivars. Aust J Basic Appl Sci. 2011;5(10):1164-74.

Sancho LEG, Yahia EL, Martinez MA, Gonzalez GA. Effect of maturity stage of papaya maradol on physiological and biochemical parameters. Am J Agric Biol Sci. 2010;5(2):194-203.

Kader A. Ethylene may accelerate deterioration of horticultural perishables. In: A Kader editor. Perishables Handling Issue. Davis: University of California. 1994;5-6.