Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management on Growth and Yield Parameters of Maize (Zea mays.) (Poaceae)

Bandla Ramesh

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Punjab-144411, India.

Manvir Kaur

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Punjab-144411, India.

Vandna Chhabra *

Department of Agronomy, School of Agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Jalandhar, Punjab-144411, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aim: To study effect of integrated nutrient management on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.).

Study Design: A field experiment was conducted at Agronomy farm, school of agriculture, Lovely Professional University, Punjab, India during kharif season of 2022.

Methodology: The experiment trail was laid out in randomized block design. It consisted of three replications with ten treatment combinations i.e. T1- 100% Recommended dose fertilizers (RDF) + Farmyard manure(FYM)15 t ha-1;, T2- 100% RDF + Vermicompost7.5 t ha-1;, T3-100% RDF + seed priming with Biofertilizers (Azotobacter), T4- 75% RDF + FYM 11 t ha-1;, T5- 75% RDF + Vermicompost 5.6 t ha-1;, T6-75% RDF +seed priming with Biofertilizers (Azotobacter);,T7- 50% RDF basal dose + Nano urea spray 0.15% (25 and 50 Days After Sowing);, T8- 50% RDF basal dose + Nano urea spray0.30% (25 and 50 DAS);, T9- Vermicompost 3.5 t ha-1 + seed priming with Biofertilizers (Azotobacter); T10- control.

Results: The results showed that application of T2 100% RDF + Vermicompost 7.5 t ha-1 had significant effect on growth and yield of maize. The plant height, number of leaves per plant and dry matter accumulation were also significantly higher in T2followed by T1100% RDF + FYM 15 t ha-1. The highest grain yield (64.36 q ha-1) was obtained in T2 followed by T1 (63.6 q ha-1), T3 (57.92 q  ha-1) andT8 (56.16 q ha-1).

Conclusion: Overall, the results and the study suggest the use of integrated nutrient management can improve the growth and yield of maize and provide sustainable solution to meet the nutrient requirements of the crop.

Keywords: Biofertilizer, farmyard manure, Nano urea, recommended dose fertilizers, vermicompost


How to Cite

Ramesh , Bandla, Manvir Kaur, and Vandna Chhabra. 2023. “Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management on Growth and Yield Parameters of Maize (Zea mays.) (Poaceae)”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (8):874-80. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i82023.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ratuarary SK,Ghosh BC, Mittra BN. Effect of flyash, organic wastes and chemical fertilizers on yield, nutrient uptake, heavy metal content residual fertility in rice mustard cropping sequence under acidlateriticsoils. BioresourceTechnology. 2013;90:275-2.

Reddy YT, Reddy GH. Principles of agronomy (3rd ed). Kalyani publishers, New Delhi, India. 2016;164:527.

Annua maize report; 2020. Available:http;//iimr.res.in

Kannan RL, Dhivya M, Abinaya DKrishna RL, and Kumar SK, Effect of integrated nutrient management on soil fertility and productivity in maize. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences. 2013;2(8): 61-67.

Verma G, Mathur AK, and Verma A. (2012). Effect of continuous use of organics and inorganics on nutrient status of soil and yield under maize-wheat intensive cropping system in an inceptisol. Journal of Soils and Crops. 2012; 22(2):280-286.

Ghaffari A, Ali A, Tahir M, Waseem M, and Ayub M. Influence of integrated nutrients ongrowth, yield and quality of maize. American Journal of Plant Science. 2011; 63-69.

Kadam SR, Jadav NJ, and Bagwan IR. Effect of farm yard manure, sulphur and zinc on growth, yield and quality of maize; 2022.

Singh S, and Misal NB. Effect of different levels of organic and inorganic fertilizers on maize (Zea mays L.). Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 2022;56(5): 562-566.

ChoudharyVK, &Suresh, KP. Maize production, economics and soil productivity under different organic source of nutrients in eastern himalayan region, India; 2013.

Jeevabharathi S, Srinivasan G, and Krishnaprabu S. Effect of integrated nutrient management of growth and yield attributes of hybrid maize (Zea mays L.). International Journal of Chemical Studies. 2020;8(4):3877-3880.

Prajapati VK, Swaroop N, Masih A, and Lakra R. Effect of different dose of NPK and vermicompost on growth and yield attributes of maize [Zea mays (L.)] Cv. MM2255. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2018;7(1):2830-2832.

Rao PM, Sagar GV, Suresh K, Padmaja G and Reddy SN. Influence of organic and inorganic sources of nitrogen on nutrient uptake and yield of maize in maize-mustard cropping system in Northren Telangana zone; 2021.

Mahato M, Biswas S, and Dutta D. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth, yield and economics of hybrid maize (Zea mays L.). Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology. 2020; 39(3):78-86.

Patil S. Integrated weed management studies in kharif maize (Zea mays L.); 2022.