Growth and Yield of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) under Agro-climatic Zone of Prayagraj, India

Nachiketa *

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj – 211007, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Vikram Singh

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj – 211007, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Bhawna Soni

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj – 211007, Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

During Kharif 2022, a field experiment was done on sandy loamy soil at Crop Research Farm, Naini Agriculture Institute, Department of Agronomy, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj. The experiment was designed in Randomised Block Design and replicated three times, using ten hybrids, R-205, R-210, R-212, R-218, R-242, R-248, R-256, R-300, R-305, and R-311. Results indicates that R-305 significantly enhanced the growth parameters Days to 50% Flowering (74.66 DAT), Days to maturity (106.93 DAT), Filled grains/panicle (175.82), Unfilled grains/panicle (48.39), and Grain yield/hill (28.82 g/ha) in the field trial. R-305 also had the highest gross return (INR 200625/ha), net return (INR 151579/ha), and B:C ratio (3.09). R-311 had the shortest amount of Days to 50% flowering (68.00 DAT), Days to maturity (92.71 DAT), and unfilled grains/panicle (27.25). It was determined that the hybrid R-305 produced the highest grain yield. It also achieved the highest gross return, net return, and B:C ratio.

Keywords: Hybrid, rice, growth, yield, kharif, Uttar Pradesh


How to Cite

Nachiketa, Vikram Singh, and Bhawna Soni. 2023. “Growth and Yield of Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) under Agro-Climatic Zone of Prayagraj, India”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (8):1096-1100. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i82048.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Directorate of Economics and Statistics; 2016.

Kumar SN. Evaluate the establishment techniques on growth and yield of rice, Agricultural Research Communication Centre, Agriculture Science Digest. 2016; 36(2):110-113.

FAO. 2018. Food and Agriculture organization. Online Interactive Database on Agriculture. FAOSTAT. www.fao.org.

Juliano BO. A simplified assay for milled rice amylose. Cereal Science Today. 1971;16(10): 334-339.

Sarkar SC, Akter M, Islam MR, Haque M. Md. Performance of Five Selected Hybrid Rice Varieties in Aman Season. Journal of Plant Sciences. 2016;4(2):72-7.

Hosain MT, Ahamed L, KU, Haque MM, Islam MM, Fazle AS, Mand Mahmud JA. Performance of Hybrid Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Varieties at Different Transplanting Dates in Aus Season Applied Science Reports. 2014;1-4.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical procedures for agricultural research. 2nd Ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons. 1984;680.

Reddy VR, Reddy P, Reddy MS, Raju DSR. Water use efficiency: a study of system of rice intensification (SRI) adoption in Andhra Pradesh. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics. 2018;60(3):458-47.

Haque MD, Pervin E, Biswash MD. Identification of Potential Hybrid Rice Variety in Bangladesh by Evaluating the Yield Potential. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2015;11(1):13-18.

Bhuiyan HS, Zahan A, Khatun H, Iqbal M, Alam F, Manir R. Yield performance of newly developed test crossed hybrid rice variety. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research. 2014;5(4): 48-54.

Bahure GK, Mahadkar UV, Raut SD, Doadke SB, Broundkar MM, Chavan AS, Dhekale JS. Agronomic assessment of different rice hybrids for sustainable production through agronomic manipulation under high rainfall conditions of Konkan. International Journal of Chemical Studies. 2019;7(6):715-719.

Ranjitha, Sri P, Kumar M, Jayasree G. Evaluation of rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties and hybrids in relation to different nutrient management practices for yield, nutrient uptake and economics in SRI Annals of Biological Research. 2013;4(10): 25-28.

Singh V, George SG. Evaluation of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) under Agro-climatic Zone of Prayagraj, India. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science. 2023;35(10):168-73.