The Impact of Biotechnology on Mango Enhancement: Exploring Genetic Engineering and Molecular Markers

Amit Kumar

Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut-250 110 (U. P.), India.

Om Prakash

Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture, Banda University of Agriculture & Technology, Banda-210001 (U. P.), India.

Vibhu Pandey

Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut-250 110 (U. P.), India.

Khursheed Alam

Department of Vegetable Science, College of Horticulture, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut-250 110 (U. P.), India.

Satyarth Sonkar

Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur-208002 (U. P.), India.

Satvaan Singh

Department of Floriculture and Landscape Architecture, College of Horticulture, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture Technology, Meerut-250110, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Shalini Singh *

Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut-250 110 (U. P.), India.

Vishal Gangwar

Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology, Meerut-250 110 (U. P.), India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The impact of biotechnology on mango enhancement, particularly through genetic engineering and molecular markers, has been significant. Biotechnology has revolutionized the field of agriculture, offering innovative tools and techniques for improving crop traits. In the case of mangoes, genetic engineering involves the manipulation of the organism's DNA to introduce or modify specific genes, targeting traits such as disease resistance, fruit quality, and yield. This approach has led to the development of mango varieties with enhanced resistance to pests and diseases, improved flavour and aroma, and increased productivity. Similarly, marker-assisted selection (MAS) utilizes molecular markers to identify and select plants with desired traits, bypassing the need for time-consuming and costly phenotypic evaluations. MAS has accelerated breeding programs, enabling the development of superior mango cultivars with desired traits. By exploring the impact of genetic engineering and molecular markers in mango improvement, we gain insights into their potential to address key challenges in mango cultivation and meet consumer demands.

Keywords: Biotechnology, disease resistance, fruit quality, genetic engineering, mango enhancement, molecular markers


How to Cite

Kumar, Amit, Om Prakash, Vibhu Pandey, Khursheed Alam, Satyarth Sonkar, Satvaan Singh, Shalini Singh, and Vishal Gangwar. 2023. “The Impact of Biotechnology on Mango Enhancement: Exploring Genetic Engineering and Molecular Markers”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (8):1673-80. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i82119.

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