Environmental Sustainability and Food Security of Traditional Agricultural Practices in India: A Review

D. R. K. Saikanth

Department of Agricultural Extension, CoA, PJTSAU, Rajendranaagar, Hyderabad, India.

Khushboo Gupta *

ICAR - Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India.

Priya Srivastava

Department of Zoology, St. Xavier’s College, Ranchi, India.

Manoher Saryam

Department of Extension Education, Rabindranath Tagore University, India.

K. Sudha Rani

Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University, India.

Pooja Jena

Bihar Agricultural University, India.

Sandeep Rout

Faculty of Agriculture, Sri Sri University, Cuttack, Odisha-754006, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


This synthesis consolidates current research on sustainable agriculture and its pivotal role in enhancing food security, conserving biodiversity, and mitigating climate change. Sourced from a wide array of references, it accentuates exercises such as organic farming, agroforestry, and diversified farming systems as cornerstone approaches, sustainable agriculture. The potential of these practices is also explored, highlighting the carbon sequestration capacity of agroforestry systems, the environmental advantages of organic farming over conventional methods, and the implications of diversified farming systems on food security. However, sustainable agriculture still confronts numerous challenges, especially regarding the environmental repercussions of pesticide use and the barriers hindering the adoption of sustainable farming practices. The substantial role of traditional agricultural practices, which often reflect fundamentals of sustainability and resource preservation, is also underscored. The transformative impact of integrated aquaculture-agriculture systems on small-scale farms in Southern and Southeastern Asia is with Farmer Field School experiences worldwide. Critically, the synthesis acknowledges the daunting task of feeding a burgeoning global population and the environmental ramifications of land utilization. Synthesis concludes by asserting that future research and policy must perpetually focus on these issues, aiming to generate innovative strategies for sustainable agriculture and to bolster the resilience of farming systems in the face of climate change.

Keywords: Sustainable agriculture, traditional farming practices, agroforestry, organic farming, food security

How to Cite

Saikanth , D. R. K., Gupta , K., Srivastava , P., Saryam , M., Rani , K. S., Jena , P., & Rout , S. (2023). Environmental Sustainability and Food Security of Traditional Agricultural Practices in India: A Review. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(8), 1847–1856. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i82138


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