Economics of Super Seeder Technique of Wheat Cultivation in Haryana

R. Bishnoi

National Food Security Mission on Oilseed at ICAR-ATARI, Zone-II, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.

V. Kumar

DES (FM) at KVK Uchani Karnal, CCS HAU, Hisar, Haryana, India.

D. K. Bishnoi

Department of Agricultural Economics, CCS HAU, Hisar, Haryana, India.

M. S. Meena *

Department of Agricultural Extension, ICAR-ATARI, Zone-II, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The study evaluates the economics of super seeder technology over conventional techniques farmers adopt in wheat cultivation in Haryana state. Multi-stage random sampling was employed in selecting the blocks, villages, and respondents. The study was carried out in the Karnal and Kaithal districts of the Haryana state during 2021-22. A sample of 100 wheat-growing farmers was selected using the various methods of paddy straw management. The super seeder technology was the most economical approach for handling paddy straw without burning it before sowing. The grain yield was higher by 50.74q/ha in super seeder than the conventional method (48.72q/ha). Super seeder produced a better net return by Rs.18724.44/ha (Rs.7688.95/ha in conventional technique). The cost-benefit ratio in Karnal and Kaithal districts in super seeder technology were 2.91 and 2.93, respectively. In nut shell, the cost-benefit ratio was 2.91 in super seeder technology than the conventional method (2.64). The better net return of Rs. 18724.44/ha was obtained from super seeder than the conventional technique (Rs.7688.95 /ha). A significant cost saving of Rs.6886.00 was found in super seeder technology, water conservation, preparatory tillage, timely sowing, and environmental benefits, i.e., reduced burning of paddy residue, reducing air pollution. Krishi vigyan kendras/state agricultural universities/state government should facilitate best use of this machine through skilled training. Timely availability of machine can also increase the area under super seeder in the state which reduce the burning cases and enhance the timely sowing of wheat crop.

Keywords: Economics, wheat, super seeder, conventional technique, residue management


How to Cite

Bishnoi , R., V. Kumar, D. K. Bishnoi, and M. S. Meena. 2023. “Economics of Super Seeder Technique of Wheat Cultivation in Haryana”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (9):574-82. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i92272.

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