Influence of Zinc and Boron on Growth and Yield of Sunflower

Begari Divya Rani *

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj – 211007, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Joy Dawson

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj – 211007, Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The experiment was conducted at crop research farm in Department of Agronomy during Rabi, 2022 on sunflower crop. The treatment consisted of 3 levels of foliar application of zinc (10 kg/ha, 0.5%, 10 kg/ha + 0.25%) and foliar application of boron (3 kg/ha, 0.3%, 3 kg/ha + 0.15%) and control (80,40,40 kg/ha). The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design with 10 treatments and replicated thrice. Foliar application of Zinc at 10 kg/ha + 0.25% with foliar application of Boron at 3 kg/ha + 0.15% recorded maximum plant height (122.58 cm), Plant dry weight (46.82 g/plant), head diameter (19.20), Seeds/capitulum (311.59), Test weight (53.92 g), Seed yield (1.79 t/ha), stalk yield (4.31 t/ha), Harvest index (29.35 %), gross returns (Rs.1,07,472.00/ha) and net return (Rs.74,608.00/ha). Maximum Benefit Cost Ratio (2.27) was also recorded in the same treatment no. 9 in sunflower crop.

Keywords: Foliar application, boron, zinc, sunflower

How to Cite

Rani, Begari Divya, and Joy Dawson. 2023. “Influence of Zinc and Boron on Growth and Yield of Sunflower”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (9):607-11.


Download data is not yet available.


Rahman M, Monika MJ. Designer Oil Crops. Breeding oilseed crops for sustainable production opportunities and constraints. Academic Press. 2016;361-376.

Rex Immanuel R. Nutrient uptake and nutrient use efficiency of sunflower in response to Zn and B micronutrient fertilization. Plant Archives. 2019;19(Sup 2):543-547.

Rex Immanuel R, Saravanan D, Sudhagar Rao GB, Thiruppathi M, Saravanaperumal M. Zinc and boron micronutrient fertilization on the growth and physiological attributes of sunflower in rice-sunflower cropping sequence. Plant Archives. 2019a; 19(2):3015-3020.

Rex Immanuel R, Ganapathy M, Thiruppathi M. Perception analysis of coastal agro ecosystem degradation, its effect on agricultural production and the performance of multipurpose tree species. The Research Journal of Social Sciences. 2018;9(12):122-135.

Rex Immanuel R, Ganapathy M. Characterization of degraded lands in coastal agro ecosystem of northern Tamilnadu, India. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research. 2019;6(2):200-216.

Fernández V, Brown PH. From plant surface to plant metabolism: the uncertain fate of foliar-applied nutrients. Frontiers Plant Science. 2013;4:289.

Tahir M, Shah SA, Ayub M, Tanveer A, Haseeb UR. Growth and yield response of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) to sulphur and boron application. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research Series B: Biological Sciences. 2014;57(2):5-10.

Farokhi H, Shirzadi MH, Gholamreza Afsharmanesh Mostafa Ahmadizadeh. Effect of different micronutrients on growth parameters and oil percent of Azargol sunflower cultivar in Jiroft region. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences Bulletin of Environment Pharmacology and Life Sciences. 2014; 3(7):97-101.

Elayaraja D, Singharwel R. Zinc and boron application on groundnut yield and nutrient uptake in coastal sandy soils. An Asian Journal of Soil Science. 2014;7:50-53.

Sarmah PC, Katyal SK, Verma OPS. Growth and yield of sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) varieties in relation to fertility levels and plant population. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 1992;37(2):285-289.

Chowdhary AR, Prabhakara Setty, Nagarathna TK. Growth and yield of sunflower as influenced by micronutrients application in alfisols. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science. 2010;23(3):495-496.

Baloch RA, Baloch SU, Baloch SK, Baloch AB, Bashir W, Kashan SD et al. Effect of zinc and boron in combination with NPK on Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) growth and yield. Journal of Biological Agriculture and Health. 2015; 5(19):101-107.

Sepehr E, Malakouti MJ, Rasouli MH. The effect of K, Mg, S, and micronutrients on the yield and quality of sunflower in Iran. 17th The World Congress of Soil Science (WCSS), Thailand; 2002.

Gitte AN, Patil SR, Tike MA. Influence of zinc and boron on biochemical and yield characteristics of sunflower. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology. 2005;10:400-403.