Bio-efficacy of Chemical Insecticides against Major Insect Pests of Mustard Applied through Seed Treatment

Arvind

S. K. N. College of Agriculture, Jobner, Rajasthan, India and College of Agriculture, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (125004), India.

Shivani Choudhary

S. K. N. College of Agriculture, Jobner, Rajasthan, India.

B. L. Jat

S. K. N. College of Agriculture, Jobner, Rajasthan, India.

Amar Chand

S. K. N. College of Agriculture, Jobner, Rajasthan, India.

Kanchan Kadawla

College of Agriculture, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (125004), India.

Sheetal Kumawat

S. K. N. College of Agriculture, Jobner, Rajasthan, India.

Mandeep Redhu *

College of Agriculture, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (125004), India and College of Agricultural, Life and Physical Sciences, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, IL (62901), USA.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Seed treatment application of chemical insecticides is getting popularity in the management of insect-pest population. The present investigation was conducted to study the bio-efficacy of different chemical insecticides, widely used against major insect-pest of mustard crop. A mustard variety Bio-902 was sown in twenty-seven plots of 2× 2 m2 at the agronomy farm of Sri Karan Narendra College of Agriculture, Jobner, India during the Rabi season of 2020-21. A total of nine treatments including an untreated control group with three replications were investigated in a randomized block design (RBD). The data was recorded for aphid population and seed yield in each treatment. The treatments including Imidacloprid 40% + Fipronil 40% (10 g/kg seed) was found significantly effective followed by Imidacloprid (10 g/kg seed), Clothianidin (10 g/kg seed), Thiamethoxam (10 g/kg seed), Imidacloprid 40% + Fipronil 40% (5 g/kg seed), Imidacloprid (5 g/kg seed), Clothianidin (5 g/kg seed) and Thiamethoxam (5 g/kg seed). The ranking of treatments based on seed yield in mustard was found to be similar to the trend observed in the aphid population for different treatments. Seed treatment helps protect the seed and emerging plant from insects until they become more resilient. Method of seed treatment and doses of pesticides to be used in seed treatment are deciding factor for bio efficacy of pesticides.

Keywords: Mustard, insect, pest, bio-efficacy, insecticides, seed, treatment, yield


How to Cite

Arvind, Choudhary , S., Jat , B. L., Chand , A., Kadawla , K., Kumawat , S., & Redhu , M. (2023). Bio-efficacy of Chemical Insecticides against Major Insect Pests of Mustard Applied through Seed Treatment. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(9), 1119–1127. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i92336

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonymous. Crop statistics [Internet]. Directorate of Economics and Statistics; 2020.

Available:blogcpecr.org

Bakhetia DR. Insect pest problems and their management in rape and mustard crops. In: XV Anal InWorkshop-Cum-Seminar on rapeseed and mustard. Khanpur; 1979.

Verma SN, Singh OP. Estimation of avoidable losses to mustard by the aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) in Madhya Pradesh. Indian J Plant Prot. 1987;(15):87–9.

Rohilla H, Singh H, Kalra V, Kharub S. Losses caused by mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi Kalt. in different Brassica genotypes. In: In 7th International Rapeseed Congress; 1987.

Singh C, Sachan G. Assessment of yield losses in yellow sarson due to mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach.). J Oilseeds Res. 1994;179–84.

Bakhetia D, Sekhon B. -pests and their management in rapeseed-mustard. Journal of Oilseeds Research. 1989;269–99.

Khan IA, Ahmad M, Akbar R, Hussain S, Saeed M, Farid A, et al. Study on Aphids density and yield components of 12 brassica genotypes under field conditions in Peshawar, Pakistan. Pakistan J Ent Zool Stud. 2015;3(6):11–5.

VB A. Introduction to General and Applied Entomology. Jodhpur: Scientific Publisher. 2002;266–71.

Pradhan S. Assessment of losses caused by insect pests of crops and estimation of insect population. Entomol India. 1964;17–58.

Mane PB, Mohite PB. Efficacy of newer molecules of insecticides against white grub in sugarcane. Asian J Biol Sci. 2014;9:173–7.

Ghidiu, Kuhar T, Palumbo J, Schuster D. Drip chemigation of insecticides as a pest management tool in vegetable production. J Integr Pest Manag. 2012;3:E1–E5.

Ghosal A, Chatterjee ML, Bhattacharyya A. Bio-efficacy of neonicotinoids against Aphis gossypii Glover of okra. J Crop Weed. 2013;9:181–184.

Liu Z, Dai Y, Huang G, Gu Y, Ni J, Wei H, et al. Soil microbial degradation of neonicotinoid insecticides imidacloprid, acetamiprid, thiacloprid and clothianidin and its effect on the persistence of bioefficacy against horsebean aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch after soil application. Pest Manag Sci. 2011;67:1245–1252.

Tandi BL. Evaluation of some newer insecticides as a seed dresser against mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.). Indian J Appl Entomol. 2012;26:74–75.

Sushil, Duhan A, Singh SP, Kumari B. Bioefficacy and residues of imidacloprid in rapeseed-mustard. Res Crop. 2015;16: 176–81.

RK D, AK P, SK P. Bioefficacy and residues of imidacloprid in mustard. Pestic Res J. 2001;13:213–7.

Patil SD, Rasal PN, Babu KS, Shambharkar DA, Game BC. Efficacy of different newer chemicals and seed treatment against foliage feeding wheat aphids. Int J Plant Prot. 2009;2:271–5.

Shobharani M, Sidramappa, Kumar S. Management of sucking pests of black gram using seed treatment chemicals. Int J Curr Microbiol Appl Sci. 2017;6:3433–41.

Jayarao B, Somasekhar KAB, Bharati DT, Shaila O. Efficacy of imidacloprid and thiamethoxam against leaf hopper Amrasca biguttula (Ishida) on okra. An Int Q J Life Sci. 2016;11:911–4.

Ding J, Li H, Zhang Z, Lin J, Liu F, Mu W. Thiamethoxam, clothianidin and imidacloprid seed treatments effectively control thrips on corn under field conditions. J Insect Sci. 2018;19:1–8.