Influence of Biofertilizers and Zinc Sulphate on Growth and Yield of Maize (Zea mays L.)

Kasidi Divakar Reddy *

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural lnstitute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj-211007, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Rajesh Singh

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural lnstitute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj-211007, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Akankhya Pradhan

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural lnstitute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj-211007, Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The field study took place at the Crop Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology And Sciences, Prayagraj (U.P. ), India, during the Rabi season of 2022. To research how Zinc Sulphate and Bio-fertilizers affect the production and growth of Maize. PSB, Azotobacter, PSB + Azotobacter, and Zinc Sulphate 20, 25, and 30 kg/ha make up the treatments. The soil on the experimental plot had a sandy loamy texture, had a pH of 7.8, and had little organic carbon (0.35%). The results showed that the greater plant height (159.03 cm), plant dry weight (162.70 g/plant), crop growth rate (64.12 g/m2/day), number of cobs per plant (1.8), number of rows per cob (16.8), number of seeds per cob (553.4),  higher 100 seed weight (29.3 gm), higher Grain yield (6.5 t/ha) higher straw yield (12.9 t/ha), and Harvest index (33.8) were significantly influenced with  the application of PSB  + Azotobacter + Zinc Sulphate 30 kg/ha.

Keywords: Maize, bio-fertilizers, zinc sulphate, growth parameters, yield attributes


How to Cite

Reddy , Kasidi Divakar, Rajesh Singh, and Akankhya Pradhan. 2023. “Influence of Biofertilizers and Zinc Sulphate on Growth and Yield of Maize (Zea Mays L.)”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (9):1222-28. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i92348.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Singh R, Totawat KL. Effect of integrated use of nitrogen on the performance of maize (Zea mays L.) on haplustalfs of sub-humid southern plains of Rajasthan. Indian J Agric Res. 2002;36(2):102-7.

Alley MM, Martens DC, Schnappinger MG, Hawkins GW. Field calibration of soil tests for available zinc. Soil Sci Soc Am J. 1972;36(4):621-4.

Shekh BA, Das K, Dang RTN. Biotechnology and biofertilization: Key to sustainable agriculture, 2006;1.

Shevananda. Influence of bio-fertilizers on the availability of nutrients (N, P and K) in soil in relation to growth and yield of stevia rebaudiana grown in South India. Int J Appl Res Nat Prod. 2008;1(1):20-4.

Saraswati R, Sumarno. Application of soil microorganisms as component of agriculture technology. IPTEK Tan Pangan. 2008;3:41.

Guntoro D. Purwoko, and R.G. Hurriyah. 2007. Growth, nutrient uptake, and quality of turfgrass at some dosages of mycorrhiza application. Bul. Agron.;35:142-7.

Fageria NK, de Morais OP, dos Santos AB. Nitrogen use efficiency in upland rice genotypeS. J Plant Nutr. 2010;33(11):1696-711.

Mengal K, Kirkby EA. Principal of plant Nutrition 5th education Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrech; 1982.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Three or more factor experiment. In: Statistical Procedure for Agricultural. Research 2nd Ed. 1976;139-41.

Sharma AJ, Singh MK, Kumar S, Shambhavi S, . S. Effect of plant geometry, graded fertility and zinc level on growth characters, yield and quality of baby corn (Zea mays L.) fodder in Bihar. Int J Chem Stud. 2020;8(3):816-21.

Joshi G, Chilwal A. Effect of integrated nutrient management on growth parameters of baby corn (Zea mays L.). Int J Adv Agric Sci Technol. 2018;5(7): 216-25.

Meshram SU, Shende ST. Response of maize to Azotobacter chroococcum. Plant Soil. 1982;69(1-3):265-73.

Jarak M, Mrkovacki N, Bjelic D, Josic D, Jafari TH, Stamenov D. Effects of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria on maize in greenhouse and field trial. Afr J Microbiol Res. 2012;6(27):5683-90.

Ghodpage RM, Balpanda SS, Babhulkar VP, Pongade S. Effect of phosphorus and zinc fertilization on nutrient content in root, yield and nutritional quality of maize. J Soils Crops. 2008;18:458-61.

Monib M, Abd-el-Malek Y, Hosny I, Fayez M. Effect of Azotobacter inoculation on plant growth and soil nitrogen. Zentralbl Bakteriol Naturwiss. 1979;134(2):140-8.

Fallik E, Okon Y, Fischer M. Growth response of maize roots to Azospirillum inoculation: effect of soil organic matter content, number of rhizosphere bacteria and timing of inoculation. Soil Biol Biochem. 1988;20(1):45-9.

Ritchie WS, John J. Hanway, Garreno, B. How a corn plant develop. Special report No. 48. Iowa State University of Science and Technology, Cooperative Extension Service; 1993.

Singh S, Singh V, Mishra P. Effect of NPK, boron and Zinc on productivity and profitability of late sown kharif maize (Zea mays L.) in western Uttar Pradesh, India. Annals of Agricultural New Series. 2017;38(3):310-3.

Mahgoub M, H, El-Quesni FEM, Kandil MM. Response of vegetative growth and chemical constituents of Schefflera arboricola L. Plant to foliar application of inorganic fertilizer (Grow-More) and ammonium nitrate at Nubaria. Ozean J Appl Sci. 2010;3:177-84.

Gupta S, Swaroop N, Thomas T, Dawson J, Rao SP. Efeect of different levels of phosphorus and zinc on physico-chemical properties of soil, growth and yield of maize (Zea may L.) var. Shivani. Int J Chem Stud. 2018;6(6):2105-8.

Kader MA, Mian MH, Hoque MS. Effect of Azotobacter inoculants on the yield and nitrogen uptake by wheat. J Biol Sci. 2002;4:259-61.

Shaikh Wasim Chand SR, Sreelatha D, Shanti M, Hussain SA. Effect of zinc fertilization on yield and economics of baby corn (Zea mays L.). J Pharmacogn Phytochem. 2017;6(5):989-92.

Naik C, Meena MK, Ramesha YM, Amaregouda A, Ravi MV, Dhanoji MM. Morphophysiological impact of growth indices to Biofortification on growth and yield of sweet corn (Zea mays L. Saccharata). Bull Environ Pharmacol Life Sci. 2020;9(3):37-43.

Azeem Tariq SA, Anjum MA, Randhawa EU et al. Influence of zinc nutrition on growth and yield behaviour of maize (Zea mays L.) hybrids. Am J Plant Sci. 2014;5:2646-54.

Afzal A, Ashraf M, Asad SA, Farooq M. Effect of phosphate solubilizing microorganisms on phosphorus uptake, yield and yield traits of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in rainfed area. Int J Agric Biol. 2005;7:207-9.

Alloway BJ. Soil factors associated with zinc deficiency in crops and humans. Environ Geochem Health. 2009;31(5): 537-48.

Paramasivam M, Kumaresan KR, Malarvizhi P, Mahimairaja S, Velayudham K. Effect of different levels of NPK and Zn on yield and nutrient uptake of hybrid maize (COHM 5) (Zea mays L.) in Madhukkur (Mdk) series of soils of Tamil Nadu. Asian J Soil Sci. 2010;5: 236-40.