Study of the Hydroxymethylfurfural and Sugar Profile of Apis melifera Honey in Madhya Pradesh, India

Sakshi Saxena *

Department of Entomology, Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India.

A. S. Yadav

Department of Entomology, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Morena, Madhya Pradesh, India.

S. P. S. Tomar

Department of Entomology, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Aims: The present study was undertaken to determine the Hydroxymethylfurfural and sugar profile of Apis melifera honey.

Place and Duration of Study: Honey samples were collected from beekeepers of eight selected villages of Guna and Morena region of Madhya Pradesh during two season 2021/22 - 2022/23

Methodology: The study covers the sugar characterization in term of reducing sugar, sucrose, glucose, fructose, fructose/glucose ratio and Hydroxymethylfurfural content. Collected honey samples were investigated in lab and data analysis by two factor without replication.

Results: The result recorded different parameters Hydroxymethylfurfural, (9.77-15.73 and 9.50- 15.91 mg/kg) total reducing sugars (70.08-73.53 and 69.16-73.83 %), sucrose (1.70-3.43 and 1.77-3.39%), glucose (31.60-35.60 and 31.20-35.30), fructose (36.47- 39.94 and 36.73-.39.69) and fructose glucose ratio (1.03-1.22 and 1.04-1.22) respectively, during 2021-22 and 2022-23. All the parameters showed significant variation in honey among the selected locations.

Conclusion: According to the study, all of the honey samples met the allowed limit as required by Indian standards and were of acceptable quality.

Keywords: Honey, hydroxymethylfurfural, sugar, fructose, glucose, Apis melifera

How to Cite

Saxena , Sakshi, A. S. Yadav, and S. P. S. Tomar. 2023. “Study of the Hydroxymethylfurfural and Sugar Profile of Apis Melifera Honey in Madhya Pradesh, India”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (9):1285-90.


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