Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on the Growth and Yield of Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum) under Protected Cultivation

Rohan *

Department of Horticulture, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, (U.P.), India.

Anita Kerketta

Department of Horticulture, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, (U.P.), India.

Vijay Bahadur

Department of Horticulture, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, (U.P.), India.

Samir E. Topno

Department of Horticulture, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, (U.P.), India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The present investigation titled “Effect of organic and inorganic fertilizer on growth and yield of tomato under protected cultivation” was carried out during 2022 in Central Horticulture Research Farm of Department of Horticulture, SHUATS, Prayagraj to assess the impact of different doses of organic and inorganic fertilizer on the growth and yield of  tomatoes under protected condition, as well as to analyze the economic aspects of different treatments.  The experiment was conducted in Randomized Block Design with 10 treatments replicated thrice. The treatments were T0 Recommended dose of fertilizers (RDF), T1 75% (RDF) +25% (Vermicompost), T2 50% (RDF) + 50% (Vermicompost), T3 25% (RDF) +75% (Vermicompost), T4 75% (RDF) + 25% (FYM), T5 50 %(RDF) +50% (FYM), T6 25 %(RDF) +75% (FYM), T7 75% (RDF) + 25% (Poultry Manure), T8 50% (RDF) +50% (Poultry Manure), T9 25% (RDF) +75% (Poultry Manure). On the basis of our finding the best treatment was found to be T6 (25% RDF + 75% FYM) which was found best in terms of growth parameters and yield parameters among different treatment combinations of tomato. Also the best B:C ratio 3.84 was found in T6 (25% RDF + 75% FYM).

Keywords: Vermicompost, FYM, poultry manure, yield, growth, randomized block design


How to Cite

Rohan, Kerketta , A., Bahadur , V., & Topno , S. E. (2023). Effect of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on the Growth and Yield of Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum) under Protected Cultivation. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(9), 1455–1460. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i92376

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Prasad VM, Kushwaha A. Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on growth, yield and quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Arka Samrat. International Journal of Plant & Soil Science. 2022;34(21):335-42.

Habibullah SN, Saravaiya YN, Tandel SK, Patel BN, Golakiya PD. Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on growth and yield of tomato under protected culture. Trends in Biosciences. 2017;10(14):2491-2495.

Kumar NM, Ajay KP, Amin MB. Growth and yield of solanaceous vegetables in response to application of micronutrients ‒ A review. International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering & Technology. 2017;3(2):611-626.

Anonymous. Horticultural statistics at a glance, horticulture statistics division department of agriculture, cooperation & farmers welfare ministry of agriculture & farmers welfare government of India; 2015.

Basavarajeshwari CP, Hosamani RM, Ajjappalavara PS, Naik BH, Smitha RP, Ukkund KC. Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on growth and yield components of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2008;21(3):428-430.

De Candolle A. Origin of cultivated plants. Hafner Publication Co., New York, Reprint of 2nd edition; 1959.

Directorate of Economics and Statistics, (2020-21) Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare (DAC & FW), Government of India, 2020-21).

Kumar NS, Ahirwar K, Khare AK, Mishra US, Singh D, Jatav R. Effect of micronutrients and bio-fertilizers on yield and yield attributes of tomato. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences. 2016;8(38):1780-1782.

Meena EC, Maji SJ, Meena K, Govind R, Kumawat KR, Meena SK, Sodh K. (). Improvement of growth, yield and quality of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. azad T-6 with foliar application of zinc and boron. International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 2015; 6(5):598-601.

NHB. Area and Production of Horticulture Crops- All India; 2013.

Access on 08/12/2021

Available:nhb.gov.in/statistics/2013-14

Swetha K, Saravanan S, Lalu NB. Effect of micronutrients on fruit quality, shelf life and economics of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. pkm-1. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2018;7(5):3018-3020.

FAOSTAT. Food Supply- Crops Primary Equivalent; 2020.

Available:www.fao.org/faostat/en/data/CC

Access on 15/12/2021

Francis FJ. Encyclopedia of food science and technology. John Wiley andSons Inc; 2000.

Gopalan BV, Sastri Rama SC, Balasubramanian KP. Nutritive value of Indian foods. National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research, Hyderabad, India; 2004.

Dixit A, Dhananjay S, Tinku KS, Pappu LB. Effect of foliar application of some macro and micronutrients on growth and yield of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) cv. Arka Rakshak. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science. 2018;6:197-203.

Singh S, Heralal B, Suresh CG, Hareram K, Manisha J, Upendar KB. Effect of foliar spray of micronutrients on uptake of micronutrients in (Solanum esculemntum Mill.) cv. Navoday. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2018;7:930-933.

Sathyamurthy VA, Shanmugasundaram T, Rajasree V, Arumugam T. Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on growth, yield and economics of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Madras Agricultural Journal. 2017;104(4-6):188-193.

Reddy GPD, Reddy PSR, Chandramohan GR, Thanuja SG. Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on growth and yield parameters in tomato (Solanum lycopersicon L.). International Journal Pure Applied Bio-sciences. 2018;6(2):929-934.

Sivaiah NK, Swain SK, Sandeep VV, Raju B. Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on growth parameters in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Discourse Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences. 2013;1(10):146-151.

Ali MR, Mehraj H, Jamal Uddin AFM. Effects of foliar application of zinc and boron on growth and yield of summer tomato. Journal of Biological and Agricultural Research. 2015;06(01):512-517.

Haleema B, Abdur R, Hussain AS. Effect of calcium, boron and zinc foliar application on growth and fruit production of tomato. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 2017;30(1): 19-30.

Pandiyan R, Sathyamurthy VA, Pugalenthi L. Effect of foliar application of micronutrients on growth, and quality of tomato. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development. 2018;2(4):1988-1992.

Saravaiya SN, Wakchaure SS, Jadhav PB, Tekale GS, Patil NB, Dekhane SS, Patel DJ. Influence of foliar application of micronutrients on tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) Cv. “Gujarat tomato 2”. International Journal of Development Research. 2014;4(8):1539-1542.