Role of Floriculture in Promoting Biodiversity and Enhancing Ecosystems: A Comprehensive Review

Deepika Sahu *

Department of Floriculture & Landscape Architecture, IGKV, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.

Jitendra Kumar Sahu

Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab, India.

Viajy Kumar

Department of Floriculture & Landscape Architecture, IGKV, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.

Pooja Gupta

Department of Floriculture & Landscape Architecture, IGKV, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Floriculture plays a noteworthy role in encouraging biodiversity and building up ecosystems. By cultivating and conserving a vast variety of flowering plants, floriculture comes up with the conservation of plant species and their habitats. Floriculture is a domain of horticultural sciences, concerning with growing, handling, maintaining and marketing of ornamentals, growing at the neck- breaking speed, reflecting the gesture of this business globally. The Sustainability of floriculture is aiming to reduce environmental degradation, maintain productivity, build up economic viability, conserve resources and energy and maintain stable communities and quality of life. The sustainable practices include INM (Integrated Nutrient Management), IPM (Integrated Pest Management), crop rotation and efficient utilization of water. There is considerable interest in the loss of ecosystems and the associated biodiversity, due to intensive agriculture, pasture desertion, pollution and climate change. In agroecosystems, biodiversity performs a variety of ecological services beyond the production of food, including recycling of nutrients, regulation of microclimate and hydrological processes, suppression of undesirable organisms and detoxification of harmful chemicals.

Keywords: Floriculture, biodiversity, urban ecosystem, green infrastructure


How to Cite

Sahu , Deepika, Jitendra Kumar Sahu, Viajy Kumar, and Pooja Gupta. 2023. “Role of Floriculture in Promoting Biodiversity and Enhancing Ecosystems: A Comprehensive Review”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (9):2077-84. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i92439.

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