A Systematic Review on Challenges and Conservation Strategies for Marine Megafauna

Suman Kashyap

Agronomy, College of Agriculture and Research Station, Indira Gandhi Agriculture University, Raipur, C.G., India.

Morajdhwaj Chandravanshi *

Department of Agronomy, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar, India.

Praveen Kumar Meena

Department of Agroforestry, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, India.

Gaurav Dubey

Nagaland University, India.

Arpit Singh Yadav

Soil Science- Soil Water Conservation, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, India.

Hiren Das

Department of Soil Science, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-13, Assam, India.

Prashant Tiwari

Department of Agroforestry, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Marine megafauna play pivotal roles in oceanic ecosystems, contributing to their health, functionality, and biodiversity. These species are facing escalating threats, from direct harms such as overhunting to indirect pressures like habitat degradation and climate change. This systematic review explores the challenges confronting marine megafauna, examines current conservation strategies, and explores innovative future strategies. Current efforts, while beneficial, often fail to address socio-economic factors and cumulative threat impacts, and lack robust long-term outcome evaluations. Potential strategies, leveraging emerging technologies, climate-smart conservation, sustainable blue economies, and rights-based approaches, are discussed. Despite their potential, these strategies present challenges, necessitating further interdisciplinary, social, cumulative impact, and long-term monitoring research. Understanding and addressing these aspects is essential for the development of holistic, effective, and sustainable marine megafauna conservation strategies. Future research should address gaps in species-specific knowledge, socio-economic understanding, cumulative threat assessments, and long-term conservation outcomes to provide a more comprehensive approach towards the protection of these vital species.

Keywords: Megafauna, conservation, threats, innovation, research


How to Cite

Kashyap , Suman, Morajdhwaj Chandravanshi, Praveen Kumar Meena, Gaurav Dubey, Arpit Singh Yadav, Hiren Das, and Prashant Tiwari. 2023. “A Systematic Review on Challenges and Conservation Strategies for Marine Megafauna”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (9):2578-90. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i92491.

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