Relationship between Flower Galls and Girth Class of Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce

Shiwani Bhatnagar *

Forest Protection Division, ICFRE- Arid Forest Research Institute, Jodhpur (Rajasthan), India.

Ameen Ullah Khan

Forest Protection Division, ICFRE- Arid Forest Research Institute, Jodhpur (Rajasthan), India.

Neha Sharma

Forest Protection Division, ICFRE- Arid Forest Research Institute, Jodhpur (Rajasthan), India.

Bundesh Kumar

Forest Protection Division, ICFRE- Arid Forest Research Institute, Jodhpur (Rajasthan), India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Khejri (Prosopis cineraria) recognized as a multipurpose tree species of Thar Desert gets infested with flower galls caused by Eriophyes prosopidis. The heavy infestation turns the flowers into galls without forming pods causing high losses in the yield of pods locally known as sangri. The present work was conducted to find out the relation between girth class of tree and average number of galls per inflorescence in the flower gall infested trees. In the present study we concluded that the relation between girth class of tree and average number of galls per inflorescence is negative. The average number of mite induced galls per inflorescence was highest in the girth class 70-100 cm and least in girth class 130-160 cm showing a highly significant inverse relationship between DBH and average number of galls per inflorescence in Khejri.

Keywords: Prosopis cineraria, Eriophyes prosopidis, girth class, galls, inflorescence


How to Cite

Bhatnagar , S., Khan , A. U., Sharma , N., & Kumar , B. (2023). Relationship between Flower Galls and Girth Class of Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(10), 296–301. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i102639

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Samadia DK, Haldhar SM, Verma AK, Gurjar PS, Berwal MK, Gora JS, Kumar Ramesh, Ram Hanuman. Khejri (Prosopis cineraria) research for horticultural harnessing and environmental services: an appraisal. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology.2021;12:1-26.

Mann HS, Saxena SK. Khejri (Prosopis cineraria) in the Indian desert. CAZRI Monograph.1980; No. 11, pg.78

Rathore M. Nutrient content of important fruit trees from arid zone of Rajasthan. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry.2009;1:103-08.

Glas JJ, Alba JM, Simoni S, Villarroel CA, Stoops M, Schimmel BC, Schuurink RC, Sabelis MW, Kant MR. Defense suppression benefits herbivores that have a monopoly on their feeding site but can backfire within natural communities. BMC Biol. 2014;12:98.

Lindquist EE. External anatomy and notation of structures. In Eriophyoid Mites: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control; Lindquist, E.E., Sabelis, M.W., Bruin, J., Eds.; Elsevier: Amsterdam, The Netherlands.1996;6:3–32.

Sabelis MW, Bruin J. Evolutionary ecology: Life history patterns, food plant choice and dispersal in Eriophyoid Mites: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control; Lindquist, E.E., Sabelis, M.W., Bruin, J., Eds.; Elsevier: Amsterdam, The Netherlands.1996;6:329–366.

Redfern M, Shirley P, Bloxham M. British plant galls. FSC Publications, Schrewsbury.2011;436.

Ananthakrishnan TN. Biology of gall insects. Edward Arnold, London.1984;376.

Bhansali R Raj. Development of flower galls in Prosopis cineraria trees of Rajasthan. The Journal of Plant Protection Sciences.2012;4(1):52-56.

Bhatnagar Shiwani, Khan Ameen Ullah, Vishnoi Geeta, Rathore Lokendra Singh, Kumar Bundesh, and Singh Sangeeta. Inflorescence gall problem of Prosopis cineraria in Rajasthan. Plant Archives.2018;18( 2):1248-1250.

Perea R, Dirzo R, Bieler S, Wilson Fernandes G. Incidence of galls on sympatric california oaks: Ecological and Physiological Perspectives. Diversity. 2021;13:20.

Mutitu KE, Otieno BO, NyekoP,NgaeGN. Variability in the infestation of Leptocybe invasa (Hymeneptera: Eulophidae) on commercially grown Eucalyptus germplasm in Kenya. In M. Imo, H. Ipara, L. Etiegni, C.M. Mulewa, F. Muisu, J.M. Njiru and B.B. Kirongo (Eds.). Natural resource management for improved livelihoods. Eldoret, Kenya: Moi University, School of Natural Resource Management.2010:115–120.

Madoffe SS. Infestation densities on the pine woody aphid (Pineuspini) on Pinuspatula as related to site productivity at Sao-Hill Forest Plantation (Unpublished master’s thesis). University of Dares Salaam, Dares Salaam, Tanzania;1989.

Rohfritch O. A “defense” mechanism of Piceaexcelsa L., against the gall former Chermesabietis L. (Homoptera: Adelgidae). Journal of Applied Entomology.1981;92:18–26.

Ruohomäki K, Tanhuanpää M, Ayres MP, Kaitaniemi P, TammaruT, HaukiojaE. Causes of cyclicity of Epirritaautumnata (Lepidoptera, Geometridae): Grandiose theory and tedious practice. Society Population Ecology.2000;42:211–223.

Petanović R, Kielkiewicz M. Plant-eriophyoid mite interactions: Cellular biochemistry and metabolic responses induced in mite-injured plants. Exp. Appl. Acarol. 2010a;51:61–80.

Petanović R, Kielkiewicz M. Plant-eriophyoid mite interactions: specific and unspecific morphological alterations. Part II. Exp. Appl. Acarol.2010b;51:81–91.

Royalty RN, Perring TM. “Nature of damage and its assessment,” in Eriophyoid Mites-Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control, eds E. E. Lindquist, M. W. Sabelis, and J. Bruin (Amsterdam: Elsevier Science B.V).1996;493–512.

Mitchell C, Brennan RM, Graham J, Karley AJ. Plant defense against herbivorous pests: exploiting resistance and tolerance traits for sustainable crop protection. Front. Plant Sci.2016;7:1132.

Stenberg JA, Muola A. How should plant resistance to herbivores be measured? Front. Plant Sci. 2017;8:663.