Elucidating Late Leaf Spot Disease Progression and Resistance Components in Different Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Cultivars towards Phaeoisariopsis personata

Sompalli Suresh Rao *

Department of Plant Pathology, S. V. Agricultural College, Tirupati, India.

R. Sarada Jayalakshmi

DAATTC and University Head, Plant Pathology, ANGRAU, India.

Hari Kishan Sudini

Groundnut Pathology, ICRISAT, Hyderabad, India.

K. Vemana

Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Station, Kadiri, India.

A. Srividhya

Genetics and Plant Breeding, IFT, Regional Agricultural Research Station, Tirupati, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Late Leaf Spot (LLS) disease is caused by Phaeoisariopsis personata, a devastating disease that significantly affects groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) production worldwide. This research aimed to investigate the disease progress in resistant and susceptible groundnut genotypes under green house conditions with artificial inoculations. The four popularly growing groundnut cultivars in Andhra Pradesh i.e., Kadiri-6 (K6), Dharani, Harithandra and Lepakshi (K-1812) were evaluated in this study. The disease severity scale, percent disease index (PDI), Area under disease progression curve (AUDPC) and the epidemic rate (rate) were estimated by using the linear model. Highest disease severity was observed in K6 (88.19 %) and Dharani (85.19 %) with greater disease progression rate was observed in K6 (0.13) and Dharani (0.12) cultivars. However, the lowest disease progression was observed in Lepakshi (0.04) and Harithandhra (0.08) cultivars. Enhanced resistance to LLS was reported with Harithandhra and Lepakshi cultivars due to slower epidemic rate, longer incubation and latent periods with smaller lesions.

Keywords: Late leaf spot, groundnut, epidemiology, disease progression, AUDPC, epidemic rate (r)

How to Cite

Rao , S. S., Jayalakshmi , R. S., Sudini , H. K., Vemana , K., & Srividhya , A. (2023). Elucidating Late Leaf Spot Disease Progression and Resistance Components in Different Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Cultivars towards Phaeoisariopsis personata. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(10), 47–54. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i102671


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