Genetic Variability and Correlation Studies on Different Hybrid of Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.) in Prayagraj Agroclimatic Condition

Vikram Singh *

Department of Horticulture, Naini Agricultural Institute, SHUATS, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Anita Kerketta

Department of Horticulture, Naini Agricultural Institute, SHUATS, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Lalita Lal

Department of Horticulture, Naini Agricultural Institute, SHUATS, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Samir E. Topno

Department of Horticulture, Naini Agricultural Institute, SHUATS, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

An experiment was conducted on Genetic Variability, Heritability and Correlation Studies on 20 hybrids of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) with three replications during Zaid Season of 2022. at the Research Field of Department of Horticulture, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj. They were evaluated for 16 quantitative characters. The results from the present investigation revealed that on the basis of mean performance for days taken to germination (7.00-12.00), Days to 1st Male Flower (26.80 – 30.53 days), Days to 1st Female Flower (31.53 – 35.43 days), Nodes number at which first male flower appears (4.13 – 8.60 nodes), Nodes number at which first female flower appears (6.40 – 15.87 nodes), Days to first fruit picking (40.00 – 48.33 days), Days to last fruit picking (82.33-85.00 days) Fruit Weight (24.60 – 74.94 gm), Number of Fruits per Plant (20.18 – 28.91 fruits), Fruit yield per plant (0.55 – 2.02 kg), Fruit Length (7.83 – 14.13 cm), Fruit diameter (21.28 – 40.51 mm), Yield per Hectare (61.18 – 234.44 q/ha), Vine Length at final Harvest (3.02 – 3.98m), TSS (6.00 – 9.00), Ascorbic acid (79.70 – 84.40 mg/100gm) was found superior in AVT-I 2020 BIGHYB-3 with higher fruit yield per plant and performed better for other desirable traits. This genotype was found superior based on the overall performance of different bitter gourd cultivars for growth and yield in Prayagraj conditions.

Keywords: Genetic variability, correlation studies, bitter gourd, growth, fruit yield


How to Cite

Singh , Vikram, Anita Kerketta, Lalita Lal, and Samir E. Topno. 2023. “Genetic Variability and Correlation Studies on Different Hybrid of Bitter Gourd (Momordica Charantia L.) in Prayagraj Agroclimatic Condition”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (9):3269-75. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i92680.

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