Economic Impact of Wheat Sowing Through Zero Tillage Technique against Broadcasting under Hot Sub-humid (Moist) Eco-Region Uttar Pradesh, India

Kamlesh Meena

Krishi Vigyan Kendra (ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi), Deoria, UP, India.

Rajneesh Srivastava *

Krishi Vigyan Kendra (ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi), Deoria, UP, India.

Ajay Kumar Rai

Krishi Vigyan Kendra (ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi), Kushinagar, UP, India.

Shamsher Singh

Krishi Vigyan Kendra (ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi), Kushinagar, UP, India.

Ajay Tiwari

Krishi Vigyan Kendra (ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi), Deoria, UP, India.

Neeraj Singh

ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi, UP, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aims: The production of cost of wheat is higher in farmers practice than the zero tillage sown of wheat due to non-adoption of recommended resource conservation technology, high-yielding varieties and advanced technologies by the farming community in the eastern plains of Uttar Pradesh. To replace this anomalous, we conducted 204 front-line demonstrations (FLDs) at farmers' fields in various adopted villages by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Deoria.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out by the Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Malhana, Deoria, under the Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi, UP.

Methodology: Prior findings were examined to identify any gaps and to enlist everyone's assistance in disseminating such a technology of global relevance. In the eight years from 2011–12 to 2018–19, a total of 204 FLDs were carried out at the 230 farmer’s fields in the 32 villages where wheat was sown by zero tillage.

Result: Rice-wheat cropping systems are the most often used agricultural method in Uttar Pradesh, India's hot, sub-humid (wet) eco-region. It provides farmers and agricultural labourers with a source of subsistence and revenue and is a crucial aspect of the region's infrastructure for food safety. In order to attain sustainable yield, it is always thought necessary to employ other alternatives of conserving essential inputs by adopting resources conservative techniques (RCT), such as zero tillage and broad bed furrow (BBF). According to the economic analysis of the data presented in the current study, zero tillage wheat farming is the most cost-effective and appealing alternative for the agricultural community of eastern Uttar Pradesh. When compared to the broadcasting method, the zero tillage technique yielded a higher return and a lower cost of cultivation per acre. Finally, the use of this strategy raises farmers' net returns, improves their social standing, living conditions, livelihood, and ultimately reduces poverty in the farming community.

Conclusions: The new approach lowers production costs while producing equivalent wheat yields to other methods, which leads to higher net returns. Farmers in the area have begun to appreciate the technology's reduced tillage costs. Rice-wheat is the prevalent farming system practiced by the majority of farmers in the region. In the future, the prospect of extending the method to sow wheat after other crops should be investigated.

Keywords: RCT, zero tillage, broadcasting, cost of cultivation, net return and B, C ratio


How to Cite

Meena , K., Srivastava , R., Rai , A. K., Singh , S., Tiwari , A., & Singh, N. (2023). Economic Impact of Wheat Sowing Through Zero Tillage Technique against Broadcasting under Hot Sub-humid (Moist) Eco-Region Uttar Pradesh, India. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(10), 851–858. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i102726

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