Role of Exogenous Melatonin in Enhancing Shelf Life of Traditional Banana Varieties

K. Anchana

Department of Fruit Science, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

C. Kavitha *

Department of Fruit Science, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

K. A. Shanmugasundaram

Department of Fruit Science, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

M. Djanaguiraman

Department of Crop Physiology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

I. Johnson

Department of Plant Pathology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aims: An experiment was conducted to examine the effect of various concentrations of melatonin on post harvest weight loss and shelf life of three traditional banana varieties viz. Ney Poovan, Nendran and Red Banana.

Study Design: Completely Randomized Design.

Place and Duration of Study: Post Graduate laboratory, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2022.

Methodology: Banana hands were dipped in 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0 mM melatonin for 15 minutes and were stored at ambient temperature. The hands dipped in water were treated as control. Observations on physiological weight loss and shelf life were recorded till the fruits remained marketable.

Results: The results depicted that fruits immersed in 1.0 and 1.5 mM melatonin for 15 minutes recorded lower weight loss (31.56, 30.55 and 24.90%) on 11th, 11th and 12th day of storage and longer shelf life by 3, 2.67 and 2.67 days in Ney Poovan, Nendran and Red Banana respectively.

Conclusion: The effects of melatonin were due to its efficiency in reducing transpiration and respiration and thereby lowering weight loss. The lowered metabolic activity not only mitigated weight loss but also maintained firmness and turgidity of the fruits and thereby prolonging the storability. It was evident from the results that melatonin treatment could be a good practice for extending postharvest life of banana by reducing the physiological loss in weight simultaneously maintaining the appearance.

Keywords: Banana, traditional varieties, post-harvest, melatonin, weight loss, shelf life


How to Cite

Anchana , K., C. Kavitha, K. A. Shanmugasundaram, M. Djanaguiraman, and I. Johnson. 2023. “Role of Exogenous Melatonin in Enhancing Shelf Life of Traditional Banana Varieties”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (10):992-98. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i102746.

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