Impact of Agrochemicals on Beneficial Microorganisms and Human Health

Khuban Buch

Faculty of Forestry, Division of Forest Biology and Tree Improvement, Skuast-K, India.

D. R. K. Saikanth

SRF, ICAR-ATARI, ZONE-X, Hyderabad, India.

Bal Veer Singh *

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Biswajit Mallick

Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Shivam Kumar Pandey

Rashtriya Raksha University, India.

N. Prabhavathi

Department of Agriculture, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Vaddeswaram, A.P., India.

Satya Narayan Satapathy

Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Siksha 'O' Anusandhan Deemed to be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Agrochemicals, including fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides, are widely used in agriculture to improve crop yields and protect plants from pests and diseases. There is growing concern over their impact on beneficial soil microorganisms and, indirectly, on human health. This review aims to provide an in-depth analysis of the effects of agrochemicals on soil microbial communities and human health, focusing on recent scientific research and case studies. Exploring various agrochemicals can disrupt microbial diversity, population, and functionality, affecting crucial soil processes and, in turn, ecosystem health. We delve into the pathways of human exposure to agrochemicals and the potential health implications. To mitigate the adverse effects of agrochemicals, the review highlights several alternative approaches, including the use of organic fertilizers and pesticides, precision agriculture, and genetically modified crops. Despite these advancements, research gaps persist in understanding the complex interplay between agrochemicals, beneficial microorganisms, and human health, particularly in the changing agricultural practices and climate conditions. We argue that interdisciplinary, long-term studies are needed to fill these gaps and develop sustainable, health-conscious agricultural practices. The review is intended for researchers, policymakers, and agricultural practitioners seeking to understand and address the environmental and health impacts of agrochemicals.

Keywords: Agrochemicals, soil microorganisms, human health, sustainable agriculture, genetically modified crops.


How to Cite

Buch, Khuban, D. R. K. Saikanth, Bal Veer Singh, Biswajit Mallick, Shivam Kumar Pandey, N. Prabhavathi, and Satya Narayan Satapathy. 2023. “Impact of Agrochemicals on Beneficial Microorganisms and Human Health”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (10):1135-45. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i102763.

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