Effect of Poultry Manure, Vermicompost and Boron on Growth and Yield of Maize

Chappidi Venkatesh *

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural Institute, SHUATS, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Umesha C.

Department of Agriculture, SHUATS, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Gangothri K.

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural Institute, SHUATS, Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


A field experiment titled “Effect of Poultry Manure, Vermicompost and Boron on Growth and Yield of Maize” (Zea mays L.) was conducted during Rabi 2022 at Crop Research Farm. Department of Agronomy, Naini Agriculture Institute SHUATS, Prayagraj Uttar Pradesh. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design with ten treatments which are replicated thrice. Results obtained that combined application of Poultry Manure 50% (1t/ha) along with Vermicompost 50% (2 t/ha) and Boron – 5% (Treatment) significantly increased higher plant height (234.45 cm), plant dry weight (135.84 g/plant) and also yield attributes like effective Number cobs per plant (2.00), Number of Seeds per cob (302.67), Seed index (24.69 g), Grain yield (6.73t/ha), stover yield (15.20 t/ha) and Harvest index (30.68%).

The economics viz., maximum gross returns (INR/ha 39,832.43), net returns (INR/ha 84,600.00) and benefit cost ratio (2.48) was also recorded in treatment 9 [Poultry Manure 50% (1t/ha) + Vermicompost 50% (2 t/ha) + Boron – 5%)].

Keywords: Maize, vermicompost, poultry manure, boron, growth parameters, yield attributes

How to Cite

Venkatesh , Chappidi, Umesha C., and Gangothri K. 2023. “Effect of Poultry Manure, Vermicompost and Boron on Growth and Yield of Maize”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (10):1427-33. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i102796.


Download data is not yet available.


FAOSTAT Crops. International water resources: challenges for the21st century and water resources education, July 22 – 24, 2008,Durham,NC;2020. Available:http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC

Anonymous. IndiaAgriStat.com;2018. Available:https://eands.dacnet.nic.in (8t h March, 2021)

Chaudhary AR. Maize in Pakistan. Punjab agriculture coordination board, Univ. Agric., Faisalabad;1993.

Saleem M, Khanif YM, Ishak F, Samsuri AW, Hafeez B. Importance of boron for agriculture productivity: A review. International Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Soil Sciences. 2011;1(8):293-300.

Goldbach HE, Wimmer MA. Boron in plants and animals: Is there a role beyond cell‐wall structure?. Journal of plant nutrition and soil science. 2007;170(1):39-48.

Holloway RE, Alston AM. The effects of salt and boron on growth of wheat. Australian journal of agricultural research. 1992;43(5):987-1001.

Wimmer MA, KH Muehling, A Lauchli, PH Brown, HE Goldbach. Interaction of salinity and boron toxicity in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). In: Plant nutrition: Food security and sustainability of agro ecosystems through basic and applied research, Horst WJ, MK Schenk, A Burkert, N Claassen, H Flessa, WB Frommer, H Goldbach, HW Olfs, V Romheld (Eds.). Springer, Netherlands. 2001;426-427. ISBN: 978-0-7923-7105-2

Deksissa T, I Short, J Allen. Effect of soil amendment with compost on growth and wateruse efficiency of Amaranth. In: Proceedings of the UCOWR/NIWR annual conference; 2008.

Garg S, GS Bahla. Phosphorus availability to maize as influenced by organic manures and fertilizer p associated phosphatase activity in soil. Bio-resource Tech. 2008; 99(130):5773-5777.

Boateng AS, J Zickermann, M Kornahrens. Poultry manure effect on growth and yield of maize. West Africa J. App. Eco. 2006; 9:1-11.

Warren JG, SB Phillips, GL Mullins, D Keahey, CJ Penn. Environmental and production consequences of using alumamended poultry litter as a nutrient source for corn. Journal of Environment. Quality. 2006;35:172-182.

Srivastava RK, Beohar PA. Vermicompost as organic manure–a good substitute of fertilizers. J. Curr. Sci. 2004;5(1):141-3.

Jayaprakash TC, Nagalikar VP, Pujari BT, Shetty RA. Dry matter and its accumulation pattern in maize as influenced by organics and inorganics. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2004;17(2):327– 29.

Ahmed N, Abid M, Ahmad F, Amanullah M, Javaid Q, AliMA Impact of boron fertilization on dry matter production and mineral constitution of irrigated cotton. Pak J Bot 2011;43(6): 2903—2910.

Oyinlola EY, Effect of boron fertilizer on yield and oil content of three sunflower cultivars in the Nigerian savanna; Journal of Agronomy 2007;6 (3):421 – 426.

Zhang H, Smeal D, Tomko J. Nitrogen fertilizer value of feed lot manure for irrigated corn production. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 1998;21:287-296.

Farhad W, MF Saleem, MA Cheema, HM Hamada. Effect of poultry manure levels on the productivity of spring maize (Zea mays L.) The J Ani Plant Sci. 2009;19(3):122-125.

Güneş A, M Alpaslan, A Inlay, MS Adak, F Raylan, N Çiçek. Effects of boron fertilization on the yield and some yield components of bread and durum wheat. Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. 2004;27:329-335.

Rahim M, H Ali, T Mahmood. Impact of nitrogen and boron application on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) crop. Journal of Research in Science. 2004; 15:153-157.

Renukadevi A, Savithri P, Andi K. Sources, levels and methods of boron application on the dry matter production, yield attributes and yield of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) crop. Crop Research Hisar - The Pherobase. 2003;25:436-440.

Malhi SS, Gan Y, Raney JP. Yield, seed quality and sulfur uptake of Brassica oilseed crops in response to sulfur fertilization. Agronomy Journal. 2007;99: 570- 577.

Rizk WM, Abdo FA. The response of two moong bean cultivars to zinc, manganese and boron II. Yield and chemical composition of seeds. Bulletin Faculty of Agriculture Cairo Univ. 2001;52:467- 477.

Ramesh P, Singh M, Subbarao A. Organic farming its relevance to the Indian context. Current Science. 2008;88:561-569.

Meena BP, Kumar A, Meena SR, Dhar S, Rana DS, Rana KS. Effect of different organic sources and levels of nutrients on growth and yield behaviour of popcorn Zea mays and potato (Solanum tuberosum) sequence. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 2013;58(4):474-479.

Dauda SN, FA Ajayi, EN Dor. Growth and yield of watermelon Citrullus lunatus as affected by poultry manure application. J. Agric. Social Sci. 2008;4(3):121-124.