Evaluation of Different Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea L.) Accessions for High Rhizome Yield with Good Quality and Starch Content

Nidhi Priya *

Department of Vegetable Science, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

C. Thangamani *

Department of Vegetable Science, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

J. Suresh Kumar

Department of Vegetable Science, ICAR – Central Tuber Crops Research Institute, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

P. Suresh Kumar

National Research Centre for Banana, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.

B. K. Savitha

Department of Vegetable Science, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

P. Geetha

Food Science and Nutrition, Centre for Post-harvest Technology, TNAU, Coimbatore, India.

G. Amuthaselvi

Department of Food Process Engineering, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

L. Pugalendhi

Department of Vegetable Science, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aim: Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea L) is an underutilized tuber crop belonging to the family marantaceae. This study mainly aims to evaluate different arrowroot accessions for quality starch and best yield.

Study of Design: The field experiment was conducted in randomized block design with total ten accessions and three replications.

Place and Duration of Research: The present investigation was undertaken at the College Orchard, Department of Vegetable Science, Horticultural College & Research Institute, TNAU, Coimbatore during the year 2022-2023.

Methodology: In this study, ten arrowroot accessions viz.,TAr18-01, TAr18-02,TAr18-04,TAr18-05,TAr18-10, TAr18-11, TAr18-12, TAr18-13, TAr18-14 and Local were evaluated for their growth, yield and quality parameters.

Results: The statistical results revealed that all the accessions significantly differ from each other. Results obtained as maximum height in the accession TAr18-14(132.01cm), maximum number of leaves in TAr18-10 (109.33), number of tillers in TAr18-14 (8.45) and biggest rhizome weight in TAr18-14(198.81g) respectively. The yield traits like rhizome length (25.49 cm), diameter (9.46cm) and number of rhizome per plant (30.00), rhizome yield per plant (1.49kg) were maximum in TAr18-10. The quality parameters viz., dry matter (%) was highest for TAr18-10(56.76%),TSS in TAr18-12 (27.83%), ash contents in TAr18-10 (3.88%). These parameters mainly decide the quality and nutritive value of Arrowroot. There is a significant variation in the quality parameters like starch, TSS, dry matter, protein, crude fiber. Among various accessions TAr18-04 recorded the highest starch (54.62%) and TAr18-14recorded highest protein content (6.194%). Amylose content (21.88%) was maximum in TAr18-01.

Conclusion: It can be concluded from the following study that TAr18-10 recorded highest rhizome yield, dry matter content with quality starch and can be selected for further evaluation and exploitation in industrial applications.

Keywords: Arrowroot, yield, starch, amylase, amylopectin, protein


How to Cite

Priya, N., Thangamani, C., Kumar, J. S., Kumar, P. S., Savitha, B. K., Geetha, P., Amuthaselvi, G., & Pugalendhi, L. (2023). Evaluation of Different Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea L.) Accessions for High Rhizome Yield with Good Quality and Starch Content . International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(10), 1677–1686. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i102823

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Charles AL, Cato K, Huang T-C, Chang Y-H, Ciou J-Y, Chang J-S, et al. Functional properties of arrowroot starch in cassava and sweet potato composite starches. Food Hydrocolloids. 2016;53:187-91.

Charles A, Huang T, Chang Y. Structural analysis and characterization of a mucopolysaccharide isolated from roots of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz L.). Food Hydrocolloids. 2008;22(1):184-91.

Rahman MK, Chowdhury MAU, Islam MT, Chowdhury MA, Uddin ME, Sumi CD. Evaluation of antidiarrheal activity of methanolic extract of Maranta arundinacea Linn. leaves. Advances in Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2015;2015.

Speinneman DH. Arrowroot production in the Marshall Islands: Past, present, and future. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science. 1992;20(1):97.

Lestari LA, Huriyati E, Marsono Y. The development of low glycemic index cookie bars from foxtail millet (Setaria italica), arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea) flour, and kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2017; 54(6):1406-13.

Madineni MN, Faiza S, Surekha RS, Ravi R, Guha M. Morphological, structural, and functional properties of maranta (Maranta arundinacea L) starch. Food Science and Biotechnology. 2012;21:747-52.

Dorta Villegas AM, Ciarfella Pérez AT. Determination of the content of iron, phosphorus, calcium and some antinutritional factors in guapo (Maranta arundinacea) rhizome flour. Saber. 2014;26(2):146-52.

Husby S, Koletzko S, Korponay-Szabó I, Mearin M, Phillips A, Shamir R, et al. European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition guidelines for the diagnosis of coeliac disease. Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition. 2012; 54(1):136-60.

Park JJ, Olawuyi IF, Lee WY. Characteristics of low-fat mayonnaise using different modified arrowroot starches as fat replacer. International journal of biological macromolecules. 2020;153:215-23.

Damarwati VL, Bachri MS, Widyaningsih W. The gastroprotective effects of arrowroot tuber starch (Maranta arundinacea L.) on ethanol-induced gastric damages in rats. Journal Pharmaciana. 2020;10(1):35-42.

Villas-Boas F, Franco CM. Effect of bacterial β-amylase and fungal α-amylase on the digestibility and structural characteristics of potato and arrowroot starches. Food Hydrocolloids. 2016;52: 795-803.

Gutiérrez TJ, Herniou-Julien C, Álvarez K, Alvarez VA. Structural properties and in vitro digestibility of edible and pH-sensitive films made from guinea arrowroot starch and wastes from wine manufacture. Carbohydrate Polymers. 2018;184:135-43.

Melini F, Melini V, Luziatelli F, Ficca AG, Ruzzi M. Health-promoting components in fermented foods: An up-to-date systematic review. Nutrients. 2019;11(5):1189.

Swadija O, Padmanabhan V. Growth and yield of arrowroot intercropped in coconut garden as influenced by organic management. Journal of Root Crops. 2013;39(1):67-72.

Cruz R, El Dash A. Amido de chuchu (Seichium edule, Swartz). Efeito de fosfatação em sua viscosidade. Boletim SBCTA. 1984;18(4):371-8.

Onitilo M, Sanni LO, Daniel I, Maziya-Dixon B, Dixon A. Physicochemical and functional properties of native starches from cassava varieties in Southwest Nigeria. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment. 2007;5(3/4):108.

Thriveni N, Naik KR, Kukanoor L, Karadiguddi M, Terdal D, Kamble C. Studies on keeping quality and proximate composition of different orange fleshed sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas L.) genotypes under ambient storage. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2019;8(5):692-6.

Benesi IRM. Characterisation of Malawian cassava germplasm for diversity, starch extraction and its native and modified properties: University of the Free State; 2005.

Zhou P, Regenstein J. Determination of total protein content in gelatin solutions with the Lowry or Biuret assay. Journal of Food Science. 2006;71(8):C474-C9.

Martínez C. Evaluación de la calidad culinaria y molinera del arroz: CIAT; 1989.

Zavareze EdR, El Hal Al S, Pereira J, Radünz A, Elias M, Dias A. Caracterização química e rendimento de extração de amido de arroz com diferentes teores de amilose. Brazilian Journal of Food Technology. 2009;1:24-30.

Rohandi A, Budiadi B, Hardiwinoto S, Harmayani E, Sudrajat DJ. Variability in morpho-physiology, tuber yield and starch content of several arrowroot populations in Garut District. AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science. 2017;39(3): 311-23.

Shintu P, Radhakrishnan V, Mohanan K. A study of the genetic variability of West Indian arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea L.) in Kerala state of India. Agric Forest Fish. 2016;5(5):186-90.

Sholichah E, Deswina P, Sarifudin A, Andriansyah CE, Rahman N, editors. Physicochemical, structural and morphological properties of some arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea) accessions growth in Indonesia. AIP Conference Proceedings AIP Publishing; 2019.

Fakhouri FM, Martelli SM, Bertan LC, Yamashita F, Mei LHI, Queiroz FPC. Edible films made from blends of manioc starch and gelatin–Influence of different types of plasticizer and different levels of macromolecules on their properties. LWT. 2012;49(1): 149-54.

Moorthy SN. Physicochemical and functional properties of tropical tuber starches: a review. Starch‐Stärke. 2002; 54(12):559-92.

Aprianita A, Vasiljevic T, Bannikova A, Kasapis S. Physicochemical properties of flours and starches derived from traditional Indonesian tubers and roots. Journal of food science and technology. 2014; 51:3669-79.

Souza DCd, Silva RdJ, Guerra TS, Silva LFL, Resende LV, Pereira J. Characterization of arrowroot starch in different agronomic managements. Revista Ceres. 2019;66:323-32.

Leonel M, Cereda MP. Physicochemical characterization of some starchy tubers. Food Science and Technology. 2002;22: 65-9.

Qodliyati M, Nyoto S, editors. Influence of spacing and depth of planting to growth and yield of arrowroot (Marantha arundinacea). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science: IOP Publishing; 2018.

Leonel M, Cereda M, Ferrari T. Use of ginger (Zingiber officinale) of inferior quality as raw material milacea. Trop Roots Starches Mag. 2005;1:9-18.

HASIBUAN S, ZAIN ER, Novita I. Optimization of Liquid Sugar Production for Bioethanol Processing from Arrowrot Using Aspergillus niger and Amiloglucosidase; 2012.

Ishartati E, Sufianto S, Zakia A, Mejaya MJ, Madianto R. Determination of Agronomic Characteristics as Selection Criteria in Potato Crossing Lines. Planta Tropika. 2022;10(1):34-44.