Productivity of Sesame on Growth and Yield as Influence by Plant Spacing and Weed Management Practices

Puja Roy *

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural institute, SHUATS, Prayagraj, U.P., India.

Umesha C.

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural institute, SHUATS, Prayagraj, U.P., India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Field experiment was conducted during zaid-2022 at the Crop Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj (U.P.) India, to investigate on the productivity of sesame on growth and yield as influence by plant spacing and weed management practices. The soil of experimental plot was sandy loamy in texture, nearly neutral in soil reaction (pH 7.8), low in organic carbon (0.35%). The treatments consist of three levels of spacing 20 x 10cm, 30 x 10 cm, and 40 x 10 cm and three types of weed managements (Two hand weeding at 21 and 42DAS, Pendimethalin 0.7 5kg/ha at 1 DAS + one hand weeding at 21 DAS, and + Quizalofop ethyl 0.05 kg/ha on 25 DAS + one hand weeding at 42 DAS).The experiment was laidout in randomized complete block design with nine treatments each replicated three times. The results obtained indicated that the higher plant height (129.99 cm), higher number of branches (3.77), higher plant dry weight (15.63 g/plant), higher crop growth rate (12.13 g/m2/day) higher number of capsules/plant (31.91), higher number of seeds/ capsules (47.48), higher test weight (3.48 gm), higher seed yield (1177.07 kg/ha) and higher stalk yield (1610.41 kg/ha) were significantly influenced at a plant spacing of 40 x 10 cm along with the application of Quizalofop ethyl @0.05 kg/ha on 25 DAS + one hand weeding at 42 DAS. However higher gross return (92,164.84 INR/ha), higher net return (65,840.84 INR/ha) and higher B:Cratio (2.50) were also recorded in treatment-9 at a spacing of 40 x 10 cm along with the application of Quizalofop ethyl @0.05 kg/ha on 25 DAS + one hand weeding at 42 DAS.

Keywords: Sesame, spacing, weed management, growth parameters, yield attributes and economics


How to Cite

Roy, P., & Umesha C. (2023). Productivity of Sesame on Growth and Yield as Influence by Plant Spacing and Weed Management Practices. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(10), 2268–2276. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i102891

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Mahan RKS, Singh UP, Verma NK. Effect of planting geometries in relation to fertilizer combinations on growth and yield of mustard (Brassica junceacoss) var. Varuna under Bundelkhand Region of Uttar Pradesh; 2008.

Singh K, Dhaka RS, Fageria MS. Response of Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis L.) Cultivars to Row Spacing and Nitrogen Fertilization. Progressive Horticulture. 2004;36:171- 173.

Dungarwal HS, Chaplot PC, Nagda BL. Integrated weed management in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Indian Journal of Weed Science. 2003;35:236-238.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Three or more factor experiment. (In:) Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research 2nd ed. 1976;139-141.

Patel SG, Leva RL, Patel HR, Chaudhari NN. Effect of spacing and nutrient management on summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) under south Gujarat conditions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2018;88(4):647–50.

Sivagamy K, Rammohan J. Effect of sowing date and crop spacing on growth, yield attributes and quality of sesame. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 2013;5(2):38-40.

Jha AK, Monika Soni. Weed management by sowing methods and herbicides in sesame. Indian Journal of Weed Science. 2013;45(4):250-252.

Patra AK, Mishra A. Effect of variety, nitrogen and spacing on yield attributes and yields of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) during post-rainy season. J. Oilseeds Res. 2000;17(1):113-116.

Kathiresan G. Response of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) genotypes to levels of nutrients and spacing under different seasons. Indian J. Agron. 2002;47:537-540.

Yadav RA, Mishra A, Singh D. Response of sesame cultivars under various plant spacing and seed rates. Plant Archives. 2007;7(1):287–8.

Shekh MA, Mathukia RK, Sagarka BK. Sowing time and spacing for summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Agriculture: Towards a New Paradigm of Sustainability. 2014;111–5.

Sheoran P, Shardana V, Singh S, Sharma P, Atwal AK. Evaluation of pre-emergence herbicides for weed management in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) under semi arid subtropical conditions. Journal of Oilseeds Research. 2012;29(1):53-57.

Nayek SS, Brahmachari K, Choudhary MR. Integrated approach in nutrient management of sesame with special reference to its yield, quality and nutrient uptake. The Bioscan. 2014;9(1):101-105.

Mathukia RK, Sagarka BK, Jadav CN. Integrated weed management in summer sesame. Indian Journal of Weed Science. 2015;47(2):150-152.

Patil SG, Leva RL, Patil HR, Chaudhari NN. Effect of spacing and nutrient management on summer sesame (sesamum indicum L.) under south Gujarat conditions. Indian J Agricultural Sciences. 2017;88(4):00-70867.

Rajpurohit DS, Arvadia LK, Jangir R. Growth and yield of summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.), dry weight of weeds and weed control efficiency influence by different row spacing and weed management under south Gujarat condition. int j Curr Microbiol Appl Sci. 2017;6(8):2493-2501.

Joshi N, Shourabh Joshi, JK Sharma, HS Shekhawat, Uma Nath Shukla. Efficacy of sequential application of pre- and post-emergence herbicides for weed management in sesame. Indian Journal of Weed Science. 2022;54(3):279–282.