Effect of Nitrogen, Calcium and Nano Fertilizers on Growth Yield and Quality of Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.): A Review

Shilpi Gupta

Department of Soil Science, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam (785013), India.

Anusree T.

AICRP on MSPE, College of Agriculture, Vellanikkara, Kerala Agricultural University, Kerala (680654), India.

Korani Harini

Department of Fruit Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh (221005), India.

Dhanesh Kumar

Department of Horticulture, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh (221005), India.

Vimal Kumar

Department of Fruit Science, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh (208002), India.

Shubham Kr. Kulshreshtha

Department of Horticulture, Rabindranath Tagore University, Raisen, Madhya Pradesh (464551), India.

Durgesh Kumar Maurya

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh (208002), India.

Satyarath Sonkar *

Department of Fruit Science, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh (208002), India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Strawberry cultivation represents a significant sector within the agriculture industry. The use of nitrogen (N), calcium (Ca), and nano fertilizers has emerged as an essential practice to improve both the yield and quality of strawberries. This comprehensive review aims to explore the multifaceted influence of these fertilizers on Fragaria × ananassa Duch, encompassing growth, quality, and environmental considerations. The study begins with an examination of historical perspectives and existing research, identifying gaps in the literature. The methodology includes a rigorous selection process for studies, with data extraction, quality assessment, and statistical analysis. The effects of N, Ca, and nano fertilizers on growth yield are thoroughly examined, considering their combined and individual contributions. The quality of strawberries is assessed based on physical appearance, nutritional content, and sensory characteristics, highlighting the role of these nutrients in color development, size, texture, vitamin content, sugar-acid balance, flavor, and aroma. The environmental impact is another critical aspect, exploring the effect on soil quality, including nutrient leaching, soil structure, microbial activity, and long-term health. The impact on surrounding ecosystems considers aquatic and terrestrial effects, biodiversity considerations, and the associated sustainability considerations. These encompass resource efficiency, environmental compliance, life cycle analysis, and integration with sustainable agricultural practices. Findings indicate that while N, Ca, and nano fertilizers significantly enhance growth and quality, careful management is essential to mitigate potential environmental concerns. The application of nano fertilizers presents promising opportunities for precise nutrient delivery, promoting efficiency, and sustainability. The review concludes by emphasizing the importance of continued research, innovation, and responsible management of these fertilizers in achieving a harmonious balance between productivity, quality, and environmental stewardship. The insights provided in this review contribute valuable knowledge to both scientific and agricultural communities, offering guidance for future research and best practices in strawberry cultivation.

Keywords: Calcium, nitrogen, nano-fertilizers, strawberries, sustainability

How to Cite

Gupta, S., T., A., Harini, K., Kumar, D., Kumar, V., Kulshreshtha, S. K., Maurya, D. K., & Sonkar, S. (2023). Effect of Nitrogen, Calcium and Nano Fertilizers on Growth Yield and Quality of Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.): A Review. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(10), 2299–2307. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i102894


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