Optimizing Nursery Trays for Minimizing Seedlings per Pick of Transplanter in SRI

Rajesh Gund *

Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, Agricultural Engineering College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

P. Dhananchezhiyan

Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, Agricultural Engineering College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

R. Kavitha

Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, Agricultural Engineering College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

A. Surendrakumar

Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, Agricultural Engineering College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India.

K. Thirukumaran

Central Farm Unit, Department of Agronomy, TNAU, Coimbatore, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) revolutionizes rice cultivation through innovative practices. It is a methodology that enhances rice yields by optimizing plant growth and resource utilization. This study, conducted in 2023 at TNAU, Coimbatore, India, focuses on the optimization of nursery tray configurations for enhanced seedlings per pick during rice transplantation, contributing to more efficient SRI cultivation. The selection of nursery trays plays a crucial role in determining seedling distribution, impacting crop yield and agricultural efficiency. Through the manipulation of seed density, depth of filling, and tray configuration, the research aims to improve the seedlings' per-pick outcome during mechanized transplantation. The investigation involves 12 tray combinations with varying seed density (40 gm, 60 gm, 80 gm, and 100 gm) and depth of fillings with different heights in tray (15 mm, 20 mm, and 25 mm). Seedling growth parameters are meticulously assessed, including shoot length and root length to evaluate tray efficacy. The study also analyzes transplanter compatibility and the influence of seed density and depth of filling on seedling growth. Results highlight the tray configuration with an 80 gm seed density and 25 mm soil height as optimal, offering 1-3 seedlings per pick and minimal missing hills less than 1%. The endeavor to minimize picks per hill through precise tray combinations represents a crucial step in addressing the challenges of modern agriculture and shaping a more sustainable and productive future.

Keywords: Seedlings minimizing, rice intensification, nursery tray configurations


How to Cite

Gund , R., Dhananchezhiyan , P., Kavitha, R., Surendrakumar , A., & Thirukumaran , K. (2023). Optimizing Nursery Trays for Minimizing Seedlings per Pick of Transplanter in SRI. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 13(10), 2813–2824. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i102946

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Kulmitra AK, Sahu N, Sahu MK, Kumar R, Kushram T, Sanath Kumar V. Growth of Rice blast fungus Pyricularia oryzae (Cav.) on different solid and liquid media. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences [Internet]. 2017;6(6):1154- 1160.

Minhas A. Production volume of rice India FY 2010-2023;. Mar 22, 2023.

Uphoff N, Kassam A, Harwood R. SRI as a methodology for raising crop and water productivity: Productive adaptations in rice agronomy and irrigation water management. Paddy and Water Environment. 2011;9:3-11.

Bashar ZU, A Wayayok, M Amin, MR Mahadi. Single seedling nursery tray: An innovative breakthrough to quality seedling raising technique for SRI transplanting machine. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology. 2015;10 (11):1258-1265.

Shamshiri RR, Ibrahim B, Ahmad D, Man HC, Wayayok A. An overview of the system of rice intensification for paddy fields of Malaysia. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2018;11(18):1-16.

Suthakar B, Thiyagarajan R, Tajuddin A. Performance Evaluation of Commercially Available Rice Transplanters to Assess the Suitability to SRI. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2020;9(4):359-364.

LIANG Xy, Feng G, Ye F, ZHANG Jl, Sha Y, MENG Jj, et al. Single-seed sowing increased pod yield at a reduced seeding rate by improving root physiological state of Arachis hypogaea. Journal of Integrative Agriculture. 2020;19(4):1019-1032.

Shaikh NY, Alam MA, Kamruzzaman M, Al Mamun MA, Islam AS. Effect of seeding density on Mat-type seedling quality for mechanical transplanting in dry season rice. Agricultural Sciences. 2021b;12(11): 1231-1243.

Sharif A. Technical adaptations for mechanized SRI production to achieve water saving and increased profitability in Punjab, Pakistan. Paddy and Water Environment. 2011;9(1):111-119.

Dhananchezhiyan P, CD Durairaj, S Parveen. Development of nursery raising technique for system of rice intensification machine transplanting. African Journal of Agricultural Research. 2013;8(29):3873-3882.

Ibrahim B, Ismail WIW, Ishak W. Development of system rice intensification (SRI) paddy transplanter. Asian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2014;6(2):48- 53.

Imran M, Manan MA, Khalil A, Hamat S, Ahmad, R MdNaim M. The transplanter tools for small paddy fields: System of Rice Intensification (SRI) compliance. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering; 2019.

Agritech_TNAU. 2022. TNAU Released New Crop Varieties for; 2022.

TNAU_Agritech. Crop Production :: Rice :: System of Rice Intensification (SRI) Cultivation; 2014.

Available:https://agritech.tnau.ac.in/ta/Agriculture/agri_cropproduction_rice_sri.html

Wayayok A, Mohammed U, Zubairu UB, Soom MAM. Comparative study on the performance of rice seedlings raised by single seedling nursery tray method and conventional system. American Journal of Plant Biology. 2015;2(1):1-4.

Shaikh NY, Alam MA, Kamruzzaman M, Al Mamun MA, Islam A. Effect of Seeding Density on Mat-Type Seedling Quality for Mechanical Transplanting in Dry Season Rice. Agricultural Sciences; 2021a.