Cultivation of Hybrids Mustard (Brassica juncea L.) in the Pedo- Climatic Conditions of paryagraj Sangam Region (U.P), India

Shree Ram Ranjan *

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj-211007, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Vikram Singh

Department of Agronomy, Naini Agricultural Institute, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj-211007, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Sujit Kumar

UPCAR, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The field experiment was carried out at the Crop Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj during Rabi season 2021-22 on Mustard crop. The experiment was performed in randomized block design with ten treatments and three replication. The soil of experimental plot was sandy loam in texture, nearly neutral in soil reaction (pH 7.1), low in organic carbon (0.36%), available N (171.48 kg/ha), available P (15.2 kg/ha) and available K (232.5 kg/ha). The maximum plant height (171.76 cm), primary branches (6.5/plant), secondary branches (16.20/plant), plant dry weight (43.43 g/plant) at 100 DAS in hybrid ADV 4029 was recorded. Maximum Crop growth rate (CGR) recorded at 40-60DAS (20.32 g/m2 /day), number of siliqua/plant (457.27), number of seeds/siliqua (13.55), test weight (4.73 g) and seed yield (2.51 t/ha) were observed in hybrid ADV 4029. In terms of economics, highest gross returns (Rs 136660.90/ha), net returns (Rs 87347.93/ha) and B:C ratio (1.77) were observed in hybrid ADV 4029.

Keywords: Economics, growth, mustard hybrids, yield


How to Cite

Ranjan , Shree Ram, Vikram Singh, and Sujit Kumar. 2023. “Cultivation of Hybrids Mustard (Brassica Juncea L.) in the Pedo- Climatic Conditions of Paryagraj Sangam Region (U.P), India”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (10):2857-62. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i102951.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonymous. Agricultural Statistics at a Glance. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture, GOI, New Delhi, 2015.

Pattam K, Pannu RK, Dhaka AK, Sharma KD. Effect of dates of sowing and nitrogen levels on growth and yield of Indian mustard. Intl J Current Microbiol Appl Sci. 2017;6:1029-1036.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Three or more factor expects. In statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research. 1984;2:139-141.

Kumari A. Evaluation of hybrid varieties of mustard (Brassica juncea L.) under different sowing time and spacing (Doctoral dissertation, GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar. (Uttarakhand). 2009;263:145.

Singh RK. Effect of different levels of nitrogen on promising varieties of mustard (Brassica juncea L.) M. Sc. Ag., Thesis G.B. Pant Univ. of Agric. & Tech., Pantnagar; 1989.

Kumar A, Mahapatra BS, Singh VP, Shukla A, Negi MS, Yadav AS, Singh P, Gaurendra G, Singh M. Effect of nutrient levels on yield, nutrient uptakeand economics of Indianmustard (Brassica juncea) in tarai region of Uttarakhand. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 2017; 62(3):378-381.

Singh S, Singh V. Effect of sources and levels of sulphur on yield, quality and nutrient uptake by linseed (Linum usitatissimum). Indian Journal of Agronomy. 2007;52(2):158-159.

Dehghani H, Omidi H, Sabaghania N. Graphic analysis of trait relations of rapeseed using the biplot method. Agron. J. 2008;100(5):1443-144.

Anonymous, 2013–14. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC). Chapter 8 Table 8.2, 138 and Mustard Crop Survey Report 2014– 15. 2. 2.

Vasudha KS, Singh V, Tiwari D. Agronomic evaluation of mustard (Brassica juncea L.) hybrids under agro-climatic conditions of Prayagraj (UP). The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021;10 (10):852-855.

Singh RK, Singh Y, Singh AK, Kumar R, Rakesh VK. Productivity and economics of mustard (Brassica juncea) varieties as influenced by different fertility levels under late sown condition. Indian Journal of Soil Conservation. 2010;38(2):121- 124.

Razzaque M, Karim M. Effect of varing concentrations of certain salts on germination and seedling vigor of two rape (Bassica napus L.) varoties.). Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture. 2007; 14(2):25-40.