The Key Benefits and Application of Nanotechnology in Agriculture
Issue: 2023 - Volume 13 [Issue 10]
Rajesh Kumar Singh
Mahayogi Gorakhnath Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Chouk Mafi, Peppeganj, Gorakhpur, UP, 273165, India.
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, CSK HPKV Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India.
Debjeet Sharma *
Department of Plant Pathology, College of Horticulture, Dr. Y S Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India.
Department of Biotechnology, School of Biosciences and Technology, Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), Vellore 632014, Tamil Nadu, India.
Hridesh Harsha Sarma
Department of Agronomy, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat -785013, Assam, India.
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Tamil Nadu, India.
Songthat William Haokip
Department of Fruit Science, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Central Agricultural University (I), Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh -791102, India.
Pharmaceutical Engineering and Technology, IIT (BHU), Varanasi, Varanasi 221005, Uttar Pradesh, India.
*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The science of controlling materials at the nanoscale is known as nanotechnology. Working with the smallest particles conceivable gives rise to aspirations for increasing agricultural production by running into issues that can't be solved traditionally. In the management aspects, attempts are made to restore soil fertility by releasing fixed nutrients, as well as to boost the efficacy of applied fertilizer with the aid of nano clays and zeolites. With the aid of nano biosensors and satellite systems, the input requirements for crops are determined in controlled environments for agriculture and precision farming based on needs, and the necessary quantities are given at the appropriate times and locations. To combat the issues of managing perennial weeds and depleting the weed seed bank, nano herbicides are being developed. By using targeted delivery, slow/controlled release, and conditional release mechanisms, nanostructured formulations could more accurately time the release of their active ingredients in response to biological needs and environmental cues. According to studies, using nano fertilizers improves the efficiency with which nutrients are used, lessens soil toxicity, reduces the frequency of treatment, and minimizes any potential side effects from overdosing. Because of this, nanotechnology, especially in underdeveloped nations, has tremendous potential for attaining sustainable agriculture. To increase agricultural productivity, new technologies are frequently used in agriculture. Employing nanoparticles in agriculture is known as "nanoagriculture," and these particles will have positive effects on crops.
Keywords: Nanotechnology, agriculture, nano fertilizer, nano application, agrochemicals, crop production
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