“Green Building”: A Step towards Environmental and Economic Construction

Main Article Content

Raj Vikram Singh
Krishnaraj Singh
Rahul Vyas


The purpose of this article is to provide planners with an introduction to the concept of green buildings and building assessment systems and to identify and explore the major themes in the literature as they relate to planning. Green building is one of the measures that has been put forward to alleviate the remarkable impacts of the building stock on the environment, society and economy. GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assesment) is a rating instrument that helps individuals evaluate their building's efficiency against certain benchmarks that are acceptable nationwide, it evaluates a building's environmental efficiency over its entire life cycle holistically. This paper reports a critical review of the GRIHA rating system and incentives provided by GRIHA in India, techniques, and methods for construction of the green building, financial aspects of the green building. The efficiency of different environment-friendly models is broadly discussed in this study. The purpose of this paper is to explore the benefits of green building in order to proceed towards sustainable construction in the future. 

Green building, economic construction, GRIHA, environmental efficiency.

Article Details

How to Cite
Singh, R., Singh, K., & Vyas, R. (2019). “Green Building”: A Step towards Environmental and Economic Construction. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 9(7), 391-401. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2019/v9i730124
Minireview Article


Chalmers P. Climate change: Implications for buildings. Key findings from the intergovernmental panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report; 2014.

Varma Kushagra, et al. Green building architecture: A literature review on designing techniques. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications. 2014;583.

Imbabi, Mohammed S, Collette Carrigan, Sean Mc Kenna. Trends and developments in green cement and concrete technology. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment. 2012; 1.2:194-216.

Saffaf, Rwanda, Dana Alkhalfah. Green Cement: An environmentally Friendly Solution for Riyadh Cement Factories; 2014.

Meyer, Christian. Concrete as a green building material. Construction Materials Mindess Symposium; 2005.

Shi, Qian. Strategies for implementing a green building assessment system in mainland China. Journal of Sustainable Development. 2008;1.2:13-16.

Tingley, Danielle Densley, Buick Davison. Developing an LCA methodology to account for the environmental benefits of design for deconstruction." Building and Environment. 2012; 57:387-395.

Zhang, Yufan, Hasim Altan. A comparison of the occupant comfort in a conventional high-rise office block and a contemporary environmentally-concerned building. Building and Environment. 2011; 46.2:535-545.

Kibert, Charles J. Sustainable construction: green building design and delivery. John Wiley & Sons; 2016.

Jaillon L, Chi-Sun Poon, YH Chiang YH. Quantifying the waste reduction potential of using prefabrication in building construction in Hong Kong. Waste Management. 2009;29.1:309-320.

Shen Li-yin, Vivian Wing-yan Tam, Chao-yang Li. Benefit analysis on replacing in situ concreting with precast slabs for temporary construction works in pursuing sustainable construction practice. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 2009;53.3:145-148.

Roychowdhury Debjyoti, Rajluxmi V. Murthy,P Devasia Jose P. Facilitating green building adoption -- An optimization-Based Decision Support Tool. IIM Bangalore Research Paper. 2015;485.

Del Percio, Stephen T. The skyscraper, green design and the LEED Green Building Rating System: The creation of uniform sustainable standards for the 21st century or the perpetuation of an architectural fiction? Environs Environmental Law and Policy Journal. 2004;28:117-54.

Noel Cass, Energy-related standards and UK speculative office development, Building Research & Information. 2018; 46(6):615-635.
DOI: 10.1080/09613218.2017.1333351

Cole RJ. Building environmental performance assessment criteria, BEPAC. United States: N. p. 1994. Web.

Russell M. Smith. Green building in India: a comparative and spatial analysis of the LEED-India and GRIHA rating systems, Asian Geographer, 2015;32(2):73-84.
DOI: 10.1080/10225706.2015.1020065

McPherson Greg. Urban tree planting and greenhouse gas reductions. Arborist News. 2017;16:32-36.

Xiao Min, et al. A review of green roof research and development in China. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2014;40:633-648.

McPherson E. Gregory, et al. Los Angeles 1-million tree canopy cover assessment. USDA, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station; 2008.

Malhotra V. Mohan. Reducing CO2 emissions. Concrete International. 2006;28.09:42-45.

Ravina Dan, Povindar K. Mehta. Properties of fresh concrete containing large amounts of fly ash. Cement and Concrete Research. 1986;16.2:227-238.

Dodson VH. The effect of fly ash on the setting time of concrete — Chemical or physical. Proceedings of the symposium on fly ash incorporation in hydrated cement system, S. Diamond, Ed., Materials Research Society, Boston; 1981.

Lange, David A. Long-term strength development of pavement concretes. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 1994;6.1:78-87.

Prochaska Rostislav, et al. Improving the energy efficiency in buildings while reducing the waste using autoclaved aerated concrete made from power industry waste. Energy and Buildings. 2013;58:319-323.

Korkmaz Sinem, David Riley, Michael Horman. Piloting evaluation metrics for sustainable high-performance building project delivery. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. 2010; 136.8:877-885.

Murthy I. Krishna. A causal study between electricity consumption and CO 2 emissions in India. Prabandhan: Indian Journal of Management. 2012;5.7:43-52.

Srivastava, Swami Prakash, Surat Prakash Srivastava. Solar energy and its future role in the Indian economy. International Journal of Environmental Science: Development and Monitoring. 2013;4.3: 81-88.

Blaschke Thomas, et al. Energy landscapes: Meeting energy demands and human aspirations. Biomass and Bioenergy. 2013;55:3-16.

Kabir, Ehsanul, et al. Solar energy: Potential and future prospects. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2018;82: 894-900.

Dhote Jayashree, Sangita Ingole, Arvind Chavhan. Review of wastewater treatment technologies. Int. J. Eng. Res. Technol 1 2012;1-10.

Milne N. The rands and sense of green Building: Building the business case for green commercial buildings in South Africa. Cape Town: Green Building Council South Africa; 2012.

Watson Rob. Industry insight: The green building impact report 2008. Journal of Sustainable Real Estate. 2009;1.1:241-243.

Lorenz, David, Thomas Lützkendorf. Sustainability in property valuation: Theory and practice. Journal of Property Investment & Finance. 2008;26.6:482-521.

Kats, Gregory. Green building costs and financial benefits. Boston: Massachusetts Technology Collaborative; 2003.

Lau, Lee Chung, et al. A comparative study on the energy policies in Japan and Malaysia in fulfilling their nations’ obligations towards the Kyoto Protocol." Energy Policy. 2009;37.11:4771-4778.

Sundell, Jan. On the history of indoor air quality and health. Indoor Air. 2004;14.s 7: 51-58.

Zhang, Yufan, Hasim Altan. A comparison of the occupant comfort in a conventional high-rise office block and a contemporary environmentally-concerned building." Building and Environment. 2011;46.2:535-545.

Leaman A. UK study links productivity to ventilation systems. HPAC Magazine. 1999;71.11:14.

Baier RD. Customer service made easy: deliver what office tenants want. Heating/piping/air Conditioning Engineering. 1999;71.9:41-45.