Rural Communities’ Perceptions of Climate Change and Its Impacts on Their Livelihood in Southeastern Niger

Main Article Content

I. Issaharou-Matchi
H. Rabiou
M. Mahamane
B. Idrissa
A. Mahamane
M. Saadou


Climate change exacerbates ecosystem degradation in Sahel where rural communities are highly dependent on natural resources and ecosystem services for their livelihoods. In order cope with the adverse effects of climate change by developing climate adaptation strategies, there has been a need to understand how communities perceive the change or variability in their local climate and how this change could affect their livelihood. This paper aims to examined rural communities’ perceptions about climate change in the commune of Chetimari located in the region of Diffa, southeastern Niger. It investigated particularly: 1) how communities’ perceptions of climate change? 2) What are the impacts of climate change on the livelihood of communities? And 3) What do elements and options to detect abrupt change points in annual precipitations and both annual maximum and minimum temperature? Survey data were collected from October to November 2018 from 101 households (15% of the total households in the study area) in three villages. Multiple correspondence Analysis (MCA) and Factorial Correspondence Analysis (FCA) were performed with XLSTAT to analyzed data from survey. Meteorological data including Monthly precipitation from 1981 to 2017, and Monthly temperatures (maximum, minimum) from 1986 to 2017 of the Diffa meteorological station were analyzed using R to perform the Man Kendal trend test and the Pettit test for detection of abrupt changes in the series. Results showed that community perceptions on temperature increase (not for precipitation) trends as indicators of climate change are in agreement with meteorologically observed trends. The findings showed that people in this zone are aware of climate change that they see as increase in maximum and minimum temperature, decrease in rainfall, frequency of extreme events (drought and flood), dry spells, decrease in number of rainy days, strong winds etc…Results revealed the most significant impacts of climate change affecting the livelihood of rural communities in this area. These are higher risk of crop damage from drought, farmer and herder conflict frequency, drying up of wells, food shortage/insecurity, silting pools, decline in soil fertility and livestock production, silting pasture areas, frequency of livestock diseases, increased weed and invasive species, livestock mortality. The perception of the climate change and its impacts on the main socioeconomic activities vary from a village to another, according the sexes and age ranges.

We conclude that communities are relatively aware about the climate change issue. For a better management of climate-induced risks in the study area we stress the need to improve the awareness of climate change within the rural community by improving the availability and the quality of relevant climate information.

Climate Change, Commune of Chetimari, Niger, Rural community’s perception.

Article Details

How to Cite
Issaharou-Matchi, I., Rabiou, H., Mahamane, M., Idrissa, B., Mahamane, A., & Saadou, M. (2019). Rural Communities’ Perceptions of Climate Change and Its Impacts on Their Livelihood in Southeastern Niger. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 9(12), 789-800.
Original Research Article


Mooney H, Larigauderie A, Cesario M, Elmquist T, Hoegh-Guldberg O, Lavorel S, Mace GM, Palmer M, Scholes R, Yahara T. Biodiversity, climate change, and ecosystem services. Curr. Opin. Environ. Sustain. 2009;1:46–54.

Bangash RF, Passuello A, Sanchez-Canales M, Terrado M, López A, Elorza FJ, Ziv G, Acuña V, Schuhmacher M. Ecosystem services in Mediterranean river basin: Climate change impact on water provisioning and erosion control. Sci. Total Environ. 2013;458–460:246–255.

IPCC. Summary for policymakers. In: Field CB, Barros VR, Dokken DJ, Mach KJ, Mastrandrea MD, Bilir TE, Chatterjee M, Ebi KL, Estrada YO, Genova RC, Girma B, Kissel ES, Levy AN, MacCracken S, Mastrandrea PR, White LL (eds) Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part A: global and sectoral aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.2014;1–32.

Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Averyt K, Marquis M. Climate change 2007-the physical science basis: working group I contribution to the fourth assessment report of the IPCC, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 2007;4.

Debela N, Mohammed C, Bridle K, Corkrey R, McNeil D. Perception of climate change and its impact by smallholders in pastoral/agropastoral systems of Borana, South Ethiopia. SpringerPlus. 2015;4:236.

Thomas DSG, Twyman C, Osbahr H, Hewitson B. Adaptation to climate change and variability: Farmer responses to intra-seasonal precipitation trends in South Africa. Clim Change. 2007;83:301–322.

Mertz O, Mbow C, Reenberg A, Diouf A. Farmers' perceptions of climate change and agricultural adaptation strategies in Rural Sahel. Environ Manage. 2009;43: 804–816.

Balme M, Lebel T, Amani A. Années sèches et années humides au Sahel: Quo vadimus? Hydrol. Sci. J. 2006;51:254–271.

CNEDD. Seconde Communication Nationale sur les Changements Climatiques. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Report, République du Niger. 2009;152.

CNEDD. Seconde Communication Nationale sur les Changements Climatiques. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Report, République du Niger. 2016;157.

Downing TE. Climate change and vulnerable places: Global food security and country studies in Zimbabwe, Kenya, Senegal and Chile. Oxford, Environmental Change Unit. 1992;1:64.

Whitmarsh L. What’s in a name? Commonalities and differences in public understanding of “climate change” and “global warming”. Public Underst. Sci. 2009;18:401–420.

Lee TM, Markowitz EM, Howe PD, Ko CY, Leiserowitz AA. Predictors of public climate change awareness and risk perception around the world. Nat. Clim. Change. 2015;5:1014–1020.

Arnold A, Böhm G, Corner A, Mays C, Pidgeon N, Poortinga W, Poumadère M, Scheer D, Sonnberger M, Steentjes K, Tvinnereim E. European perceptions of climate change. Socio-political Profiles to Inform a Crossnational Survey in France, Germany, Norway and the UK. Oxford: Climate Outreach; 2016.

Steentjes K, Pidgeon N, Poortinga W, Corner A, Arnold A, Böhm G, Mays C, Poumadère M, Ruddat M, Scheer D, Sonnberger M, Tvinnereim E. European perceptions of climate change: Topline findings of a survey conducted in four European countries in 2016. Cardiff: Cardiff University; 2017.

Bomuhangi A, Nabanoga G, Namaalwa JJ, Jacobson MG, Abwoli B, Wich S. Local communities’ perceptions of climate variability in the Mt. Elgon region, Eastern Uganda. Cogent Environ. Sci. 2016;2: 1168276.

Slegers MFW. If only it would rain: Farmers’ perceptions of rainfall and drought in semi-arid central Tanzania. J. Arid Environ. 2008;72:2106–2123.

PDCR. Plan de Développement Communautaire Ré planifié de Chétimari 2017-2021. 2017;139.

R Core Team. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria; 2015.

Hulme M. Recent climatic change in the World’s drylands. Geophys. Res. Lett. 1996;23:61–64.

Dai A, Trenberth KE, Karl TR. Global variations in droughts and wet spells: 1900-1995. Geophys. Res. Lett. 1998;25: 3367–3370.
CILSS; 2008. (Accessed on 17th Jan 2019) Change

Vodounou JBK, Onibon Doubogan Y. Agriculture paysanne et stratégies d’adaptation au changement climatique au Nord-Bénin. Cybergeo; 2016.

Rodrigue Dimon. Adaptation aux changements climatiques: Perceptions, savoirs locaux et stratégies d’adaptation développées par les producteurs des communes de Kandi et de Banikoara, au Nord du Bénin, mémoire de fin d’étude pour l’obtention de master sur. 2008;96.

Sarr B. Le réchauffement climatique et la recrudescence des inondations. Le Sahel face aux changements climatiques: Enjeux pour un développement durable. Centre Régional Agrhymet, CILSS, Niamey., Spécial. 2009;5-8.

Legesse B, Ayele Y, Bewket W. Smallholder farmers’ perceptions and adaptation to climate variability and climate change in Doba district, West Hararghe, Ethiopia. Asian Journal of Empirical Research. 2013;3:251–265.

Tambo J, Abdoulaye T. Smallholder farmers’ perceptions of and adaptations to climate change in the Nigerian savanna. Reg Environ Change. 2013;13:375–388.
DOI: 10.1007/s10113-012-0351-0

Coulibaly H. Adaptation de l’Agriculture Pluviale au Changement Climatique dans le Triangle de la Pauvreté en Mauritanie: Cas de la Commune Rurale de Diadjibiné. Mémoire de Master II, Centre Régional Aghrymet. 2012;92.

Antonino C. Analyse de la Vulnérabilité des populations et proposition d’une méthodologie pour l’élaboration d’un PMACC: Cas de la municipalité de São Domingos- Cap Vert. Mémoire de Master II, Cap-Vert. 2012;95.