Prospects and Constraints of Transplanted Maize, Wheat, Sorghum and Pearl Millet: A Review

Main Article Content

Saikat Biswas

Abstract

Cereal crops such as maize, wheat, sorghum and pearl millet are important for human consumption due to their nutritional benefits. These cereals play pivotal roles to meet world’s food demand. However, maintenance of food security particularly in the circumstance of changing climate, constantly urges for modification of agro-techniques and one such modification is the incorporation of transplanting technique in these cereals as an alternative under a non-practicable situation of direct sowing. Transplanting is a method of transferring seedlings grown in nursery or others to the field. It has been already found to shorten the crop duration and improve germination, plant stand, seed and seedling quality parameters, growth, yield and economic profitability of these cereals. Besides, research findings are also available stating that transplanting helps these cereals to cope up with vagaries of weather and to exhibit greater radiation and water use efficiencies and suppression of weeds. Outcomes of transplanting are however dependent on various factors like methods of nursery raising, the variety used, mode of planting, age of seedlings etc. In spite of these prospects, transplanting technique is not so popular in these cereals due to poor dissemination, discouraging research findings, pest and disease problems, lack of suitable package of practices etc. Therefore, focuses are to be given in conducting more and more research trials to confirm its location and situation wise efficacy and also in developing and disseminating a suitable package of practices of transplanting accordingly.

Keywords:
Maize, pearl millet, sorghum, transplanting, wheat

Article Details

How to Cite
Biswas, S. (2020). Prospects and Constraints of Transplanted Maize, Wheat, Sorghum and Pearl Millet: A Review. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 10(5), 24-43. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2020/v10i530198
Section
Review Article

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