Trend and Variability Analysis of Rainfall and Extreme Temperatures in Burundi

Main Article Content

Marc Niyongendako
Agnidé Emmanuel Lawin
Célestin Manirakiza
Batablinlè Lamboni


This study investigated the variability and trend of rainfall and extreme temperatures over three eastern and northeastern regions of Burundi during the period 1980-2015. Data used were collected from seven stations belonging to the geographical institute of Burundi. Annual and seasonal variability are assessed using standardized anomaly, coefficient of variance and precipitation concentration index. In addition, non parametric statistic tests Mann Kendall and Sen’s slope estimator are used to detect trends in rainfall, maximum and minimum temperatures. The results reveal a high monthly and inter-annual variability of rainfall whereas the temperature does not show high fluctuation at monthly scale. The northern region presents the lowest amount of rainfall for the first rainfall season (October-January) when drought is frequently observed. No significant rainfall trend detected over all regions at seasonal and annual scales whereas significant increasing trend was observed for both maximum and minimum temperatures over all regions. The spatial distribution of rainfall and extreme temperatures displays also a wide variation across the region depending on topography of the study area.

Burundi, variability, trend, rainfall, extreme temperatures.

Article Details

How to Cite
Niyongendako, M., Lawin, A. E., Manirakiza, C., & Lamboni, B. (2020). Trend and Variability Analysis of Rainfall and Extreme Temperatures in Burundi. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 10(6), 36-51.
Original Research Article


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