Study of Mineral Nutrient Accumulation in Different Cultivars of Guava Fruits
International Journal of Environment and Climate Change,
Guava, is one of the most promising fruit crops of India and is considered to be one of the exquisite nutritionally valuable and remunerative crops. We are unaware of any report describing macro and micronutrient dynamics in fruit at different growth stages of guava. Micronutrients play an important role in production and their deficiency lead in lowering the productivity. For conducting this experiment fruit of variety Allahabad Safeda, L-49, Lalit, Shweta, Arka Kiran, Salithong, Kimchu were collected at different stages like Marble, Stone hardening & Harvest stage for estimation of primary nutrient (N, P, K), secondary nutrient (Ca, Mg) & micronutrient (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu). The nutrient content particularly N, K, Mg, and Mn are highest in variety of Allahabad Safeda, whereas, P and Ca are highest in variety Lalit. Micronutrient Fe recorded highest in Salithong while Zn and Cu were accumulated maximum in Arka Kiran and Kimchu respectively. Recommendation of fertilizer at various growth stages is paramount for precise nutritional management for which the requirement of different nutrition is essential.
How to Cite
Irondi AE, Anokam KK, Chukwuma PC, Akintunde JK, Nurain IO. Variation in nutrients composition of Tetrapleuratetraptera fruit at maturity stages. International Journal of Biosciences. 2013;3(9):304-312.
Flynn, A. Academic Press, Inc. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers. San Diego. 1992;36:209-252.
Arora JS, Singh JR. Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium sprays on guava (Psidium guajava L.). Journal of Japanese Society for Horticultural Science. 1970;39:55-62.
Natale W, Coutinho ELM, Boaretto AE, Banzatto DA. Nutrient foliar content for high productivity cultivars of guava in Brazil. In: Tagliavini M, editor. Proceedings ISHS on Foliar Nutrition; Acta Horticulture. 2002; 594:383-6.
Anjaneyulu K, Raghupathi HB. Identification of yield-limiting nutrients through DRIS leaf nutrient norms and indices in guava (Psidium guajava). Indian Journal of Agriculture Sciences. 2009;79:418-21.
Libert BT, Emmanuel Y, Akoa A, Anne B. Effect of Organic/Inorganic-Cation Balanced Fertilizers on Yield and Temporal Nutrient Allocation of Tomato Fruits under Andosol Soil Conditions in Sub-Saharan Africa. International journal of Agricultural and food research. 2013;2(2):27-37.
Tonfack LB, Bernadac A, YoumbiE, Mbouapouognigni VP, NgueguimM, Akoa A. Impact of organic and inorganic fertilizers on tomato vigour, yield and fruit composition under tropical andosol soil conditions Fruits. 2009;64(4):1-11.
Basar H. Elemental composition of various speech cultivars. Scientia Horticulturae. 2006;107:259-263.
Roccuzzo Giancarlo, Zanotelli Damiano, Allegra Maria, Giuffrida Antonio, Torrisi BF, Leonardi A. Assessing nutrient uptake by field grown orange trees. European Journal of Agronomy. 2012;41:73-80.
Subbaiab BV, Asija CL. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soil. Current Science. 1956;25:32.
Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanable FS, Decan LA. Estimation of available phosphorus in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. USDA Cir. No. 939. Washington; 1954.
Dickman SR, Bray RH. Colometric determination of phosphate. Indus. Engg. Chem. (Anal.).1940;665-668.
Lindsay WL, Norvell WA. Development of a DTPA Test for Zn, Fe, Mn and Cu. Soil Science Society American Journal. 1978; 42:421-428.
Gomez KA, Gomez AA. Statistical Procedures for Agriculture Research. 2nd edn. John Wiley and Sons, New York; 1984.
Haynes RJ, Goh KM. Variation in the nutrient content of leaves and fruit with season and crown position for two apple varieties. Australian Journal Agriculture Research.1980;31:739-748.
Giordano PM, Mortvedt JJ. Response of several rice cultivars to Zn. Agron Journal. 1974;66:220-223.
Kennedy AJ, Rowe RW, Samuelson TJ. The effects of apple rootstock genotypes on mineral content of scion leaves. Euphytica. 1980;9(2):477-482.
Tsipouridis C, Thomidis T. Effect of 14 peach rootstocks on the yield, fruit, quality, mortality, girth expansion and resistance to frost damages of May Crest peach variety and their susceptibility on Phytophthora citrophtora. Scientia Horticulturae. 2005; 103(4):421-428.
Kucukyumuk Z, Ibrahim E. Rootstock and cultivar effect on mineral nutrition, seasonal nutrient variation and correlations among leaf, flower and fruit nutrient concentrations in apple trees. Bulgeria Journal Agriculture Science. 2011;17:633-641.
Gonçalves ED, Zambon CR, Silva DF, Silva LFO, Pio R, Alvarenga A: A Implantação, manejo e pós-colheita da amoreirapreta. Belo Horizonte Epamig; 2011.
Haq IU, Rab A. Characterization of physico-chemical attributes of litchi fruit and its relation with fruit skin cracking. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences. 2012; 22(1):142-147.
Campeanu G, Gabriela N, Darjanschi G. Chemical composition of the fruits of several apple. Cultivars growth as biological crop. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca. 2009;37(2):161-264.
Abstract View: 545 times
PDF Download: 257 times