Main Article Content
Aims: This investigation is aimed to conduct a delineation study to know the spatial distribution of available cationic micronutrients (Zn, Cu, Fe and Mn) in red and lateritic soils of Jhargram district of West Bengal and their relationship with soil chemical properties.
Study Design: Spatial distribution.
Place and Duration of Study: Geo-referenced 253 surface soil (0-15 cm depth) samples were collected from eight blocks (Gopiballavpur- 1, Gopiballavpur- 2, Nayagram, Jhargram, Sankrail, Jambani, Binpur- 2 and Binpur- 1) of Jhargram district of West Bengal, India during 2017- 2018.
Methodology: Grid based detailed block wise soil sampling has been carried out in long term crop growing fields of Jhargram district of West Bengal.The collected soil samples were analyzed and their cationic micronutrient status were depicted through nutrient index and fertility maps. Geographical information system (GIS) is an important tool to identify the risk areas. In our study Arc Info GIS has been used to prepare the spatial distribution maps of available cationic micronutrients and soil chemical properties (pH and organic carbon) of different blocks of this district.
Results: The pH, organic carbon content, available Zinc, Copper, Iron and Manganese content in soils were in the range of 3.68-7.6, 0.15-2.01 (%), 0.56-5.52, 2.4-11.76, 31.6-208.4 and 6.32-99.74 mg kg-1, respectively, with the mean value of 4.97,0.64 (%),2.21, 5.75, 114.68 and 41.87 mg kg-1 respectively. The lowest zinc content has been recorded from the soils of Gopiballavpur- 2 block.
Conclusion: The calculated NIV and spatial distribution maps clearly indicated that there is no deficiency of Iron, Manganese and Copper in this region. Zinc status did not resemble with other cationic micronutrient status which was mostly low to medium with some patches of deficiencies. Soil pH has significant positive relation with Iron. Copper has significant positive relation with soil organic carbon.
Baruah BK, Das B, Medhi C, Misra AK. Fertility status of soil in the tea garden belts of Golaghat district, Assam, India. Journal of Chemistry. 2013;1-6.
Sidhu GS, Sharma BD. Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid–extractable micronutrients status in soil under a rice–wheat system and their relationship with soil properties in different agroclimatic zones of indo‐gangetic plains of India. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 2010;41(1):29-51.
Shukla AK, Tiwari PK, Pakhare A, Prakash C. Zinc and iron in soil, plant, animal and human health. Indian J Fertil. 2016;12(11): 133-49.
Welch RM, Graham RD. Breeding for micronutrients in staple food crops from a human nutrition perspective. Journal of Experimental Botany. 2004;55(396):353-64.
Wang T, Kang F, Cheng X, Han H, Bai Y, Ma J. Spatial variability of organic carbon and total nitrogen in the soils of a subalpine forested catchment at Mt. Taiyue, China. Catena. 2017;155:41- 52.
Vasu D, Sahu N, Tiwary P, Chandran P. Modelling the spatial variability of soil micronutrients for site specific nutrient management in a semi-arid tropical environment. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment. 2020;1:1-6.
Cambardella CA, Karlen DL. Spatial analysis of soil fertility parameters. Precis Agric. 1999;1:5-14.
Tripathi R, Nayak AK, Shahid M, Lal B, Gautam P, Raja R, Mohanty S, Kumar A, Panda BB, Sahoo RN. Delineation of soil management zones for a rice cultivated area in eastern India using fuzzy clustering. Catena. 2015;133:128-36.
Shukla AK, Behera SK, Lenka NK, Tiwari PK, Prakash C, Malik RS, Sinha NK, Singh VK, Patra AK, Chaudhary SK. Spatial variability of soil micronutrients in the intensively cultivated Trans-Gangetic Plains of India. Soil and Tillage Research. 2016;163:282-9.
Mueller TG, Pusuluri NB, Mathias KK, Cornelius PL, Barnhisel RI, Shearer SA. Map quality for ordinary kriging and inverse distance weighted interpolation. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 2004; 68(6):2042-7.
Eljebri S, Mounir M, Faroukh AT, Zouahri A, Tellal R. Application of geostatistical methods for the spatial distribution of soils in the irrigated plain of Doukkala, Morocco. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment. 2019;5(2):669-87.
Seyedmohammadi J, Esmaeelnejad L, Ramezanpour H. Geospatial modelling for optimum management of fertilizer application and environment protection. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment. 2017;3(1):28.
Tamburi V, Shetty A, Shrihari S. Characterization of spatial variability of vertisol micronutrients by geostatistical techniques in Deccan Plateau of India. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment. 2020;6(1):173-82.
Sharma RP, Chattaraj S, Vasu D, Karthikeyan K, Tiwary P, Naitam RK, Dash B, Tiwari G, Jangir A, Daripa A, Singh SK. Spatial variability assessment of soil fertility in black soils of central India using geostatistical modeling. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science. 2020;6:1-3.
Rajendiran S, Dotaniya ML, Coumar MV, Sinha NK, Singh VK, Kundu S, Tripathi AK, Srivastava S, Saha JK, Patra AK. Block level soil fertility status of tribal dominated Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 2018;20(1):16-21.
Jackson ML. Soil chemical analysis Prentice Hall of India Ltd. New Delhi. 1973; 219-21.
Walkley A, Black IA. An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil science. 1934;37(1):29-38.
Lindsay WL, Norvell WA. Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese, and copper. Soil science society of America journal. 1978;42(3):421-8.
Staben ML, Ellsworth JW, Sullivan DM, Horneck DA, Brown BD, Stevens RG. Monitoring soil nutrients using a management unit approach; 2003.
Horneck DA, Sullivan DM, Owen JS, Hart JM. Soil test interpretation guide; 2011.
Chauhan RP, Pande KR, Thakur S. Soil properties affected by land use systems in Western Chitwan, Nepal. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology. 2014;2(3):265-9.
Shit PK, Pati CK, Jana SK. Assessment of plant potential with relation to soil properties in different forest zones of Midnapur and Jhargram sub-divisions, West Bengal. Indian Journal of Geography and Environment. 2010;11:64-71.
Bhunia GS, Shit PK, Maiti R. Spatial variability of soil organic carbon under different land use using radial basis function (RBF). Modeling Earth Systems and Environment. 2016;2(1):17.
Motsara MR. Available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium status of Indian soils as depicted by soil fertility maps. Fertiliser News. 2002;47(8):15-22.
Das S, Rahman FH, Sengupta T, Nag K. Studies on response of African marigold (Tagetes erecta) to NPK, Humic Acid and Zinc Sulphate in Red and Lateritic Soils of Jhargarm District of West Bengal. Advances in Research. 2020;49-54.
Hazra GC, Saha JK, Mete PK, Mandal B. Distribution of zinc fractions in red and lateritic soils of birbhum, West Bengal. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 1993;41(3):472-6.
Chatterjee AK, Khan SK. Available zinc, copper, iron and manganese and effect of submergence on available zinc in relation to properties of some alfisols of West Bengal. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 1997;45(2):399-401.
Shukla AK, Behera SK, Singh VK, Prakash C, Sachan AK, Dhaliwal SS, Srivastava PC, Pachauri SP, Tripathi A, Pathak J, Nayak AK. Pre-monsoon spatial distribution of available micronutrients and sulphur in surface soils and their management zones in Indian Indo-Gangetic Plain. Plos one. 2020;15(6):e0234053.
Mandal B, Halder BR, Mandal LN. Distribution of different forms of zinc in some rice growing soils. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 1986;34(3):488-92.
Saha S, Saha B, Seth T, Dasgupta S, Ray M, Pal B, Pati S, Mukhopadhyay SK, Hazra G. Micronutrients availability in soil–plant system in response to long-term integrated nutrient management under rice–wheat cropping system. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2019;19(4):712-24.
Sah KD, Dipak S, Antara S, Sahoo AK. Soil characteristics and available micro- nutrient status in some acid saline soils of coastal agro-ecosystem in West Bengal. Indian Agriculturist. 2009;53(1/2):69-74.
Saha D, Mandal S, Saha A. Copper induced oxidative stress in tea (Camellia sinensis) leaves. Journal of Environmental Biology. 2012;33(5):861.
Borkar VS, Gokhale NB, Dhopavkarm RV, Khobragade NH, More SS, Kasture MC. Distribution of nutrients in different soil types in Konkan region of Maharashtra. Int. J. Chem. Stud. 2018;6(1):275-9.
Tur NS, Nayyar VK, Sharma PK, Sood AK. Spatial distribution of micronutrients in soils of Patiala district–a GIS approach. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 2005;53(3):324-9.
Aich V, More NB, Udayana SK, Patil GD. GPS-GIS Based Soil Maps of Micronutrients Status in Organic Farms at College of Agriculture, Pune (MS), India. International Journal of current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2017;6(8):855-61.
Dobermann A, Fairhurst T. Rice: Nutrient Disorders & Nutrient Management. In Handbook Series. Potash & Phosphate Institute (PPI), Potash & Phosphate Institute of Canada (PPIC) and International Rice Research Institute, Philippine; 2000.
Pati S, Thingujam U, Badole SP, Pal B, Das H, Saha AK. Nature and distribution of soil acidity in different land use pattern of Terai region of west Bengal. The Ecoscan. 2014;8(3&4):353-7.
Gupta AP. Micronutrient status and fertilizer use scenario in India. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology. 2005;18(4):325-31.
Thangasamy A, Naidu MV, Ramavatharam N, Reddy CR. Characterisation, classification and evaluation of soil resources in Sivagiri micro-watershed of Chittoor District in Andhra Pradesh for sustainable land use planning. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 2005;53(1):11-21.
Meena S. Studies on physical and chemical properties of salt affected soils of central research farm, MPKV, Rahuri. M. Sc.(Agri.) Thesis, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri (Maharashtra) India; 2009.
Sharma JC, Chaudhary SK. Vertical distribution of micronutrient cations in relation to soil characteristics in lower Shiwaliks of Solan district in North-West Himalayas. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 2007;55(1):40-4.
Rajeshwar M, Khan MA. Physico-chemical and nutrient status of forests soils of Nizamabad, India. Asian Journal of Soil Science. 2007;2(2):44-7.
Arokiyaraj A, Vijayakumar R, Devaprasath PM. Assessment of the status of micronutrients in Nagapattinam district, Tamilnadu. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research. 2011;3(4):10-6.
Malavath R, Mani S. Differences in distribution of Physico chemical properties and available nutrients status in some red, red laterite and black Soils in semi arid region of Tamil Nadu. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2018;7(2):451-9.