Main Article Content
This study assessed the knowledge, concern and support of policy relative to climate change impacts of Grand Bahamians. Specifically the study assessed the awareness and concern of Grand Bahamians; examine the difference in participants’ awareness and concern of climate change impacts; analyze the factors that influence the awareness and concern of climate change impacts of participants; and assess the predictive ability of the Value Belief Norm Theory in relation to the participants’ intent to support policy for climate change issues. A survey questionnaire and focus group discussion were used for ata collection Findings showed that Grand Bahamians have a low level of scientific knowledge, a high level of concern regarding climate change and a strong intent to support policy for climate adaptation. Despite this low level of scientific knowledge, they have a developed experiential knowledge due to their frequent exposure to extreme climate events they perceive to be associated with climate change. The high level of concern influenced their desire to support policies aimed at adapting to the adverse impacts of climate change.
Wuebbles DJ, Fahey DW, Hibbard KA, Dokken DJ, Stewart BC, Maycock TK. USGCRP: Climate Science Special Report: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume I U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA. 2017;470. DOI:10.7930/J0J964J6
IPCC. Climate Change. Synthesis Report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, R.K. Pachauri and L.A. Meyer (Eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland. 2014;151.
Pepper IL, Gerba CP, Brusseau ML. Environmental & Pollution Science. Amsterdam: Elsevier; 2006.
Fischer EM, Schär C. Future Changes in Daily Summer Temperature Variability: Driving Processes and Role for Temperature Extremes. Climate Dynamics. 2008;33(7-8):917-935. DOI:10.1007/s00382-008-0473-8
Cramer W, Bondeau A, Woodward FI, Prentice IC, Betts RA, Brovkin V, et al. Global response of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function to CO2and climate change: Results from six dynamic global vegetation models. Global Change Biology. 2001;7(4):357-373. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2486.2001.00383.x
Englander J, Cousteau J. High Tide on Main Street: Rising Sea Level and the Coming Coastal Cri-sis. Boca Raton, FL: The Science Bookshelf; 2012.
Melet A, Meyssignac B, Almar R, Cozannet GL. Under-Estimated Wave Contribution to Coastal Sea-Level Rise. Nature Climate Change. 2018;8(3):234-239. DOI:10.1038/s41558-018-0088-y
Dahl KA, Fitzpatrick MF, Spanger-Siegfried E. Sea Level Rise Drives Increased Tidal Flooding Frequency at Tide Gauges Along the U.S. East and Gulf Coasts: Projections for 2030 And 2045. Plos One, 2017;12(2). DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0170949
Djouder F, Boutiba M. Vulnerability Assessment of Coastal Areas to Sea Level Rise from The Physical and Socioeconomic Parameters: Case of The Gulf Coast of Bejaia, Algeria. Arabian Journal of Geosciences. 2017;10(14). DOI:10.1007/s12517-017-3062-5
Bamber JL, Riva RE, Vermeersen BL, Lebrocq AM. Reassessment of the Potential Sea-Level Rise from A Collapse of The West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Science. 2009;324(5929):901-903. DOI:10.1126/science.1169335
Hsiang SM, Sobel AH. Potentially Extreme Population Displacement and Concentration in the Tropics Under Non-Extreme Warming. Scientific Reports. 2016;6(1).
Simpson MC, Scott, DM. New et al. An Overview of Modelling Climate Change Impacts in the Caribbean Region with Contribution from the Pacific Islands. Barbados, West Indies: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); 2009.
Marshall N, Park S, Howden S, Dowd A, Jakku E. Climate Change Awareness is Associated With Enhanced Adaptive Capacity. Agricultural Systems, 2013;117:30-34. DOI:10.1016/j.agsy.2013.01.003
Depoux A, Hémono M, Puig-Malet S, Pédron R, Flahault A. Communicating Climate Change and Health in The Media. Public Health Reviews. 2017; 38(1). DOI:10.1186/s40985-016-0044-1
Neely R, Owens MA. Bahamians and Climate Change: An Analysis of Perception of Risk and Climate Change Literacy. American Geophysical Union; 2011.
Stern PC, Dietz T, Abel TD, Guagnano G, and Kalof L. A Value-Belief-Norm Theory of Support for Social Movements: The Case of Environmentalism. Huxley College on the Peninsulas Publications. 1999;1.
Chen M. An Examination of the Value-Belief-Norm Theory Model In Predicting Pro-Environmental Behaviour In Taiwan. Asian Journal of Social Psychology. 2014;18(2):145-151. DOI:10.1111/ajsp.12096
Molina-Azorin JF. Mixed methods research in strategic management. Organizational Research Methods. 2010;15(1):33-56. DOI:10.1177/1094428110393023
Dunlap RE, Liere KD, Mertig AG, Jones RE. New Trends in Measuring Environmental Attitudes: Measuring Endorsement of the New Ecological Paradigm: A Revised NEP Scale. Journal of Social Issues. 2000;56(3):425-442. DOI:10.1111/0022-4537.00176
Steg L, Dreijerink L, Abrahamse W. Factors Influencing the Acceptability of Energy Policies: A Test of VBN Theory. Journal of Environmental Psychology. 2005;25(4):415-425. DOI:10.1016/j.jenvp.2005.08.003
Beever III JW, Gray W, Utley J, Hutchinson D, Walker T, Cobb D. Lee County Climate Change Resiliency Strategy. Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council; 2010.
Olson A. Evaluating Public Support for Local Climate Adaptation Policies and Planning: A Case Concerning Lee County, Florida; 2014.
Terrell S. Mixed-Methods Research Methodologies. The Qualitative Report. 2011;17(1):254-280. Available:http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR17-1/terrell.pdf
Seal DW, Bogart LM, Ehrhardt AA. Small Group Dynamics: The Utility of Focus Group Discussions as a Research Method. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice. 1998;2(4):253-266. DOI:10.1037//1089-26184.108.40.206
Lang C, Ryder JD. The Effect of Tropical Cyclones on Climate Change Engagement. Climatic Change. 2016;135(3-4):625-638. DOI:10.1007/s10584-015-1590-0
Lee TM, Markowitz EM, Howe PD, Ko C, Leiserowitz AA. Predictors of Public Climate Change Awareness and Risk Perception Around the World. Nature Climate Change. 2015;5(11):1014-1020. DOI:10.1038/nclimate2728.
Crona B, Wutich A, Brewis A, Gartin M. Perceptions of Climate Change: Linking Local And Global Perceptions Through A Cultural Knowledge Approach. Climatic Change. 2013;119:519–531.
O’Connor R, Bard R, Fisher A. Risk Perceptions, General Environmental Beliefs, and Willingness to Address Climate Change. Risk Analysis. 1999;19:461–471.
Reser JP, Bradley GL, Ellul MC. Encountering Climate Change: ‘Seeing’ Is More Than ‘Believing’. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Climate Change. 2014;5(4):521-537. DOI:10.1002/wcc.286
Maio GR, Haddock G. Attitude Change. In A. W. Kruglanski & E. T. Higgins (Eds.), Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles (2nd ed., pp. 565-586). New York, NY: Guilford; 2007.