Changing Rainfall and Swinging Tea Production: The Correlates and Perception of Social Ecology of Tea Garden

Main Article Content

Dristika Jairu
S. K. Acharya
Anwesha Mandal

Abstract

Tea is the second most commonly consumed beverages, after water, across the globe. However, the quality and aroma of the produce largely depends on different climatic factors like temperature, rainfall, altitude etc. Even a slight alteration in these climatic factors, affects the quality and production adversely. Climate change, a global challenge, is a big threat to the tea industry as well as its workers. With degraded quality and swinging production due to changing rainfall and temperature, hundreds of tea gardens have been closed down in the past few decades, putting livelihood of thousands of tea workers to question. This paper attempts to find how the changing rainfall and swinging tea production varies with the profile characteristics of the tea workers. The study was conducted in the Darjeeling, Kalimpong and Dooars districts of West Bengal with 90 randomly selected tea workers from nine randomly selected tea gardens, three each belonging to three different altitudes. All the results has been analyzed using statistical tools of correlation coefficient, multiple and stepwise regression and path analysis. The results shows that treatment and mobility are two important variable explaining the variation in perception on change in rainfall and perception on tea production respectively. It has also been found that variables like income, treatment and garments have been reliable predictors for estimating the change in rainfall whereas the variable mobility exhibits a positive and significant relationship with perceived change in tea production. The regression analysis showed that treatment has explained 19.4 per cent of total variation in case of perceived change in rainfall and mobility has explained 16 per cent of total variance in case of perceived change in tea production.

Keywords:
Change in rainfall, climate change, mobility, tea production, treatment.

Article Details

How to Cite
Jairu, D., Acharya, S. K., & Mandal, A. (2020). Changing Rainfall and Swinging Tea Production: The Correlates and Perception of Social Ecology of Tea Garden. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 10(12), 48-54. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2020/v10i1230283
Section
Original Research Article

References

Biggs EM, Gupta N, Saikia SD and Duncan JMA. The tea landscape of Assam: Multi-stakeholder insights into sustainable livelihoods under a changing climate. Environ. Sci. & Policy. 2018;82:9-18.

Ahmed S, Orians CM, Griffin TS, et al. Effects of water availability and pest pressures on tea (Camellia sinensis) growth and functional quality. AoB Plants. 2013;6:1-9. DOI: 10.1093/aobpla/plt054

Ahmed S, Stepp JR, Orians C, et al. Effects of extreme climate events on tea (Camellia sinensis) functional quality validate indigenous farmer knowledge and sensory preferences in Tropical China. PLoS One. 2014;9(10):e109126. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109126

Carr MKV. The climatic requirements of the tea plant: A review. Exp Agric Rev. 1972;8: 1-14. DOI: 10.1017/S0014479700023449

Hadfield W. The effect of high temperatures on some aspects of the physiology and cultivation of the tea bush Camellia sinensis, in North India. In: Evans GC, editor. The 16th Symposium of the British Ecological Society. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications. 1975; 477-495.

De Costa WAJM, Mohotti AJ, Wijeratne MA. Ecophysiology of tea. Brazilian J Plant Physiol. 2007;19:299-332. DOI: 10.1590/S1677-04202007000400005

Boehm R, Cash S, Anderson B, Ahmed S, Griffin T, Robbat A, et al. Association between empirically estimated monsoon dynamics and other weather factors and historical tea yields in China: Results from a yield response model. Climate. 2016; 4(20). DOI: 10.3390/cli4020020

Ahmed S, Griffin T, Cash SB, Han WY, Matyas C, Long C, et al. Global climate change, ecological stress, and tea production. In: Han WY, Ahammed GJ, editors. Stress Physiology of Tea in the Face of Climate Change. Singapore: Springer. 2018;1–23. DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2140-5

Ahmed S, Griffin TS, Kraner D, Schaffner MK, Sharma D, Hazel M, et al. Environmental factors variably impact tea secondary metabolites in the context of climate change. Front. Plant Sci. 2019; 10(939). DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2019.00939