Development of a High Quality, Rapid, Efficient and Economical DNA Extraction Protocol from Climate Resilient Pearl Millet Crop Without Liquid Nitrogen

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Supriya Ambawat
Subaran Singh
C. Tara Satyavathi
Rajbala Meena
R. C. Meena
Vikas Khandelwal


Extraction of good quality genomic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from plants is a major prerequisite for molecular biology experiments. An efficient genomic DNA protocol must be simple, fast and cost effective with high yield and purity. Presence of polyphenols, polysaccharides and secondary metabolites in some plants hamper with DNA extraction making it a very laborious, difficult and time consuming procedure. Here, we portrayed a modified protocol based on the cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) method to isolate DNA from climate resilient pearl millet leaf tissues having higher amount of polysaccharides. It also excludes the use of expensive chemicals and equipments like proteinase K, liquid nitrogen and tissue lyser. This method includes extraction of DNA using a buffer (pH 8.0) containing 200 mM Tris-HCl, 20 mM ethylenediamine tetracetic acid (EDTA),1.4 M NaCl, 2% CTAB, 2% sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and 1.0 % β-mercaptoethanol followed by purification of DNA with phenol, chloroform, isoamyl alcohol and finally precipitation of DNA by sodium acetate and isopropanol. Good quality genomic DNA with sharp and clear bands was obtained from 48 pearl millet genotypes using this protocol. The yield of DNA varied from 105.2 to 328.3 ng/μl. The purity of DNA sample ranged from 1.74 to 1.95 based on the absorbance at A260/A280 ratio indicating that it’s free from ribonucleic acid (RNA) and protein contamination. PCR analysis using simple sequence repeat (SSR) primers exhibited consistent and reliable amplification products ranging from 150 to 650 bp.This study reveals a fast, simple, efficient, specific, reproducible, reliable and cost effective method for extraction of DNA from small to large number of plant samples amenable to PCR amplification and could be stored for longer duration.

CTAB, genomic DNA extraction, Pennisetum glaucum, polyphenols, polysaccharides, secondary metabolites.

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How to Cite
Ambawat, S., Singh, S., Satyavathi, C. T., Meena, R., Meena, R. C., & Khandelwal, V. (2020). Development of a High Quality, Rapid, Efficient and Economical DNA Extraction Protocol from Climate Resilient Pearl Millet Crop Without Liquid Nitrogen. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change, 10(12), 85-94.
Original Research Article


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