Main Article Content
A field experiment was conducted at the farmer’s field at Ratanpur village of Marshaghai block of Kendrapara, Odisha, India to evaluate effect of different mulching practices on weed population, moisture content in soil and yield of brinjal. The village is an adopted village by Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kendrapara, in which various activities in agriculture are going on under National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) programme to combat the flood-affected area of the locality. The experiment consists of five mulching treatments like Black polythene mulch, Black and silver polythene mulch, Transparent mulch, Organic mulch (rice straw) and No mulch. Results revealed that black with silver colour polythene mulch was recorded with significantly higher yield per plant (2.59 kg) and yield per ha (62.1 t/ha) which was at par with black colour polythene mulch. Organic mulch was found to be next best treatment with respect to yield per plant (2.40 kg) and yield per ha (53.5 t/ha). The same treatment also resulted in the higher gross return (Rs. 434700/ha), net return (Rs. 274150/ha) and B:C ratio (2.71) which was followed by black polythene mulching and organic mulching practices. Weed suppression and moisture retention was higher with black polythene mulch.
Ramakrishna A, Tam HM, Wani SP, Long TD. Effect of mulch on soil temperature, moisture, weeds infestation and yield of groundnut in northern Vietnam. Field Crop Research. 2006;95(2-3):115-125.
Das TK, Singh CB, Mukhopadhyay. Effect of straw mulch, irrigation and land configuration on soil hydrothermal regime under Bt cotton (GossypiumhirsutumL.). Ecology, Environment and conservation (December supplement); 2015;21:135-139.
Gomez AK, Gomez AA. Statistical procedure for Agricultural Research. John Wiley and sons publications, New York; 1984.
Vance ED, Brookes PC, Jenkinson DS. An extraction method for measuring soil microbial biomass carbon. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 1987;19(6):703-707.
Jackson ML. Soil chemical analysis. Prentice hall of India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi. 1967;486.
Aman S, Rab A. Response of tomato to nitrogen levels with or without humic acid. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 2013;29(2):181-186.
Bakht T, Khan IA, Marwat K, Hussain Z. Integration of row spacing, mulching and herbicides on weed management in tomato. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 2014;46(2):543-547.
Edgar ON. Transparent, Black and organic mulches effect on weed suppression in green pepper (Capsicum annuum) in Western Kenya. Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2017;5(1):67-76.
Ngouajio MN, Ernest J. Light transmission through coloured polyethylene mulches affected weed population. HortScience; 2004;39(6):1302-1304.
Alwis AJ, Herath H. Impact of mulching on soil moisture, plant growth and yield of Mauritius pineapple (Ananascomosus. L., Merr). Journal of Food and Agriculture. 2012;2(1):15-21.
Sun HX, Wang W, Zhang P, Wang ZW, Jia ZK, Yang BP, Han F. Effects of straw mulching on soil moisture and watermelon yield in dryland. Ying Yong Sheng tai Xue Bao. 2014;25(7):2010-2014.
Rao KVR, Suchi G, Arpna B, Lavesh C, Kumar S.. Effect of different mulches on the growth, yield and economics of tomato (Lycopersiconesculentum). International Journal of Agriculture Sciences. 2016;8(44):1885-1887.
Hooda RS, Malik YS, Singh J. Influence of direct seeding, transplanting time and mulching on tomato yield. India. Vegetable Sci. 1999;26(2):140-142.
Rahman MJ, Quamruzzaman M, Samsuddin M. Effect of different mulch materials on growth and yield of tomato. Bangladesh Horticulture. 2016;2(2):29-37.
Rajablariani HR, Farzed HK, Ramin R. Effect of coloured plastic mulches on yield of tomato and weed biomass. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development. 2012;3(6):590-593.
Ahmed MSM, Manal MH, Moula GE, Farag AA, Aly AMM. Response of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) to application of some organic fertilizers under different colors of plastic mulch. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research. 2016;5(4):636-646.
Nair AS. Influence of different mulches on weed count, fruit yield and economics of tomato. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2018;7(4):2541-2545
Singh S, Singh K, Khurana DS, Sardana V. Economic analysis of integrated weed management in Brinjal Crop (Solanum melongena L.) International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science. 2017;6(12):1245-1251.
Rajasekar M, Udhayani V, Swaminathan N, Balakrishnan K. Impact of mulching and fertigation on growth and yield of grafted brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) under drip irrigation system. International Journal of Chemical Studies. 2017;5(3):163-166.
Dhaliwal MS, Jindal SK, Dhaliwal LK, Gaikwad AK, Sharma SP. Growth and yield of tomato influenced by condition of culture, mulch and planting date. International Journal of Vegetable Science. 2017;23(1):4-17.
Feng ML, Jun W, Jin-Zhang, Hui LX. Soil and Tillage Research. 2004;78(1):9-20.
Watts DB, Allen TH, Feng Y and Prior SA. Soil microbial community dynamics as influenced by composted diary manure, soil properties and landscape position. Soil Science. 2010;175:474-486.
Krishnakumar S, Saravanan A, Natarajan SK, Veerabhadran V, Mani S. Microbial population and enzyme activity as influenced by organic farming. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences. 2005;1(1):85-88.