Assessment of Physio Chemical Parameters and Water Quality Index of Different Ghats of River Ganga at Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Nihal Poul *

Department of Environmental Sciences and AMP, NRM, SHUATS, India.

Ibadaiahun Myrthong

Department of Environmental Sciences and AMP, NRM, SHUATS, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Ganga, the longest river in India, provides water to millions of people who live along its bank and depend on it for their livelihood throughout the year. For about 40% of the population, it provides water for drinking and irrigation. This study was conducted to analyse the physico-chemical parameters and WQI of five different Ghats of River Ganga at Varanasi. The data recorded from the present investigation revealed that the maximum value of pH was recorded at Dasaswamedh Ghat with 8.57 in the month of March and minimum was 7.53 recorded in the month of February Harish Chandra Ghat. EC value was recorded maximum at Tulsi Ghat with 564 mmhos/cm in the month of April and the minimum value was 131 mmhos/cm in the month of January recorded at Assi Ghat. The maximum value of TDS was 319.67mg/l in the month of February recorded at Assi ghat and minimum data recorded was 229mg/l in the month of January at Manikarnika Ghat. The DO value was recorded maximum at Manikarnika Ghat with 8.20mg/l in the month of January and the minimum value was5.97mg/l recorded in the month of January at Tulsi Ghat. The BOD value was recorded maximum at Assi Ghat with 4.63mg/l in the month of March and minimum of 2.70 mg/l recorded in the month of January at Harish Chandra Ghat. The Total Hardness value was recorded maximum at Tulsi Ghat with 138.33mg/l in the month of February and minimum value of 78.33mg/l recorded in the month of January at Assi Ghat. The Total Alkalinity value was recorded maximum with 114.33mg/l in the month of April at Ghat and minimum value was 78.67mg/l recorded in the month of January at Harish Chandra Ghat. The chloride value was recorded maximum at Harish Chandra Ghat with 31.67mg/l in the month of February and minimum value was 10mg/l recorded in the month of January at Manikarnika Ghat. The results of the different parameters when compared with BIS standards were found to be within the permissible limit except for pH and BOD. The WQI of the different Ghats indicated poor category of water quality.

Keywords: BIS, Ghats, parameters, river, Varanasi, water, WQI


How to Cite

Poul , Nihal, and Ibadaiahun Myrthong. 2023. “Assessment of Physio Chemical Parameters and Water Quality Index of Different Ghats of River Ganga at Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (11):202-8. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113159.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Dubey S. Physico chemical and phycological studies of Varanasi frontage of river Ganga with special reference to algal bioindicators, Dept. of Botany, V. B. S. Purvanchal University. Vii. 2011;105.

Bhutiani R, Khanna DR. Kulkarni DB, Ruhela M. Assessment of ganga river ecosystem at Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India with reference to water quality indices. Appl Water Sci. 2016;6:107-113.

Bhattacharya AK, Mandal SN, Das SK. Heavy metals accumulation in water, sediment and tissues of different edible fishes in upper stretch of gangetic West Bengal, Trends in Applied Sciences Research. 2008;3(1):61-68.

Singh V, Nagpoore N, Chand J. Lehri A. Monitoring and assessment of pollution load in surface water of River Ganga around Kanpur, India, Environmental Technology & Innovation. 2019;18:1-12.

Patil PM. Studies on physico chemical characteristics of Purna river with special reference to its impact on river ecology, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, xi, 2002;130.

Singh VK. modulatory effect of tannery effluents on physico chemical quality of ganga river water and its seasonal variation, Integral University, Department of Chemistry. 20113:73-78.

Tripathi M, Singal SK. Use of principal component analysis for parameter selection for development of noval water quality index: A case study of River Ganga in India, Ecological indicator. 2019;96:430-436

Gupta N, Pandey P, Hussain J. Effect of physicochemical and biological parameters on the quality of river water of Narmada, Madhya Pradesh, India. Water Science. 2017;31(1):11–23.

Mishra R, Anand U, Srivastava M, Ahmad S, Suresh S, Paliwal HB. Investigation over water quality of river ganga and Yamuna during Kumbh-2019-A case study at Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh, India. 2021;1-14.

Singh YV, Sharma PK, Meena P, Kumar M, Verma SK. Physico- chemical analysis of river Ganga at Varanasi city in Uttar Pradesh, India, Indian Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences. 2016;2(3):41-45.

Sharma S, Chhipa RC. Evaluation and optimization of water quality index for ground water source of North West, Jaipur and agglomerates. Int. J. Chem. Sci. 2012;10(4):2297- 2305.

Bhardwaj RM. Water quality monitoring in India achievements and constraints. IWG- Env. International Work Session on Water Statistics, Vienna. 2005; 1-12.

Bora M, Goswami DC. Water quality assessment in terms of water quality index (WQI): Case study of the Kolong River, Assam, India. Wat. Appl er Sci. 2016;7:3125–3135.

Akram S, Rehman FU. Hardness in drinking-water, its sources, its effect on humans and its household treatment. Journal of Chemistry and Application. 2018;4(1):4.