A Review: Pulses Production, Productivity, Status and Way Forward for Enhancing Farmers Income of Bundelkhand Region, India

Deepak Prajapati *

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, BUAT, Banda, (U.P.) India.

Amar Singh Gaur

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, BUAT, Banda, (U.P.) India.

Jagannath Pathak

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, BUAT, Banda, (U.P.) India.

Suraj Mishra

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, BUAT, Banda, (U.P.) India.

Ashutosh Kumar

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, BUAT, Banda, (U.P.) India.

Krishnanand Yadav

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, BUAT, Banda, (U.P.) India.

Sarvesh Kumar

Department of Soil Science, Directorate of Research, RPCAU, Bihar, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Total pulses area in Uttar Pradesh, contributes of pulses through the Bundelkhand region, more than half but the productivity is low because lack of technological approaches for pulse growing area. This review paper assessed the cultivation of pulses production, productivity and area, of Bundelkhand and in India also. The technologies and infrastructure need to be accepted pulses cultivation and accurate policies for the farmers through government.  Pulses are next to cereals regarding their nutritional and economic significance to human health. The pulses crop highly water sensitive like chickpea, lentil, mung bean and black gram are dominant in drought prone areas and improve soil fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen. Rainfed Agriculture has emerged as an opportunity in raising pulse production which is depend on amount and distribution of rainfall growing area. The cropping system of pulses cultivation year-after-year has observed that incidence of disease, insect-pests and weeds increase in Bundelkhand region. In pigeon pea, chickpea and lentil crops, important biotic agent for affecting production. United Nations declared 2016 ' "International Year of Pulses" was to increase production and consumption of pulses 10% by 2025 and raise public awareness towards health through social media. The many initiatives schemes govern by government of India for increase the pulses growing area and production such as ISOPOM (Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil palm and Maize) (2004-05 to 2009-10), NFSM Pulses (National Food Security Mission, 2007-08), for Technology demonstration. The Bundelkhand regions as 5 lakhs farmers of 14 districts of two states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh should be linked with Rani Lakshmi Bai Central Agricultural University (RLBCAU) and benefited from this university to produce pulses.

Keywords: Economics, fertility, production, productivity, pulses, schemes


How to Cite

Prajapati , Deepak, Amar Singh Gaur, Jagannath Pathak, Suraj Mishra, Ashutosh Kumar, Krishnanand Yadav, and Sarvesh Kumar. 2023. “A Review: Pulses Production, Productivity, Status and Way Forward for Enhancing Farmers Income of Bundelkhand Region, India”. International Journal of Environment and Climate Change 13 (11):353-62. https://doi.org/10.9734/ijecc/2023/v13i113178.

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